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日常生活英语单词大全

运营管理 菜掌柜 18179℃ 0评论

食物

一. 牛排与酒

牛排:           steak

丁骨牛排:   T-bone steak

菲力牛排:     filet steak

沙朗牛排:     sirloin steak

小牛排:         club steak

全熟:              well done

五分熟:         medium

三分熟:         rare

生啤:              draft beer

黑啤:              stout beer

罐装啤酒:     canned beer

红葡萄酒:     red wine

琴酒:              gin

白兰地:         brandy

威士忌:         whisky

伏特加:         vodka

酒加冰块:     on the rocks

兰酒:              rum

香槟:              champagne

 

二. 蔬菜与调味品

蔬菜:              vegetable

四季豆:         string bean

豌豆:              pea

毛豆:              green soy bean

黄豆芽:         soybean sprout

绿豆芽:         mung bean sprout

豆芽:              bean sprout

甘蓝菜:         kale

包心菜、大白菜:cabbage

花椰菜:         broccoli

空心菜:         water convolvulus

金针菜:         dried lily flower

芥菜:              mustard leaf

芹菜:              celery

蒿菜:              tarragon

甜菜:              beetroot; beet

生菜:              lettuce

菠菜:              spinach

韭菜:              leek

香菜:              caraway

榨菜:              preserved szechuan pickle

雪里红:         salted vegetable

莴苣:              asparagus

竹笋:              bamboo shoot

笋干:              dried bamboo shoot

韭黄:              chives

白萝卜:         turnip

胡萝卜:         carrot

荸荠:              water chestnut

地瓜:              ficus tikaua

菜瓜:              long crooked squash

丝瓜:              loofah

南瓜:              pumpkin

苦瓜:              bitter gourd

黄瓜:              cucumber

冬瓜:              white gourd

小黄瓜:         gherkin

山芋:              yam

芋头:              taro

百叶:              beancurd sheets

香菇:              champignon

草菇:              button mushroom

金针菇:         needle mushroom

冬菇:              dried mushroom

蘑菇:              agaricus

番茄:              tomato

茄子:              eggplant

马铃薯:         potato; spud

连藕:              lotus root

木耳:              agaric

白木耳:         white fungus

生姜:              ginger

大蒜:              garlic

蒜头:              garlic bulb

葱:                   green onion

洋葱:              onion

青葱:              scallion; leek

调味品:         seasoning

鱼子酱:         saviar

沙茶酱:         barbeque sauce

番茄酱:         tomato ketchup; tomato sauce

芥茉:              mustard

盐:                   salt

糖:                   sugar

细白砂糖:     castor sugar

砂糖:              granulated sugar

冰糖:              sugar candy

味精:              monosodium glutamate;

Gourmet powder

醋:                   vinegar

甜:                   sweet

酸:                   sour

苦:                   bitter

猪油:              lard

花生油:         peanut oil

酱油:              soy sauce

青椒:              green pepper

红椒:              paprika

八角:              star anise

肉桂:              sinnamon

咖哩:              curry

味噌:              miso

麦芽糖:         maltose

 

三. 水果

凤梨:              pineapple

西瓜:              watermelon

木瓜:              papaya

槟榔:              betelnut

栗子:              chestnut

椰子:              coconut

碰柑:              ponkan

橘子:              tangerine

橘:                   mandarin orange

甘蔗:              sugar-cane

香瓜:              muskmelon

文旦:              shaddock

水蜜桃:         juice peach

梨子:              pear

桃子:              peach

杨桃:              carambola

樱桃:              cherry

柿子:              persimmon

苹果:              apple

芒果:              mango

无花果:         fig

李子:              plum

哈蜜瓜:         honey-dew melon

枇杷 :            loquat

橄榄:              olive

红毛丹:         rambutan

榴梿:              durian

草莓:              strawberry

葡萄:              grape

葡萄柚:         grapefruit

荔枝:              lichee

龙眼:              longan

连雾:              wax-apple

番石榴:         guava

香蕉:              banana

 

四. 饮料

冷饮:              cold drinks

豆浆:              soya-bean milk

酸梅汤:         syrup of plum

番茄汁:         tomato juice

橘子水:         orange juice

椰子汁:         coconut milk

芦笋汁:         asparagus juice

葡萄柚汁:     grapefruit juice

蔬菜汁:         vegetable juice

姜汁:              ginger ale

沙士:              sarsaparilia

汽水:              soft drink

可口可乐:     coco-cola (coke)

茶叶:              tea leaves

红茶:              black tea

茉莉(香片):jasmine tea

茶包:              tea bag

柠檬茶:         lemon tea

冬瓜茶:         white gourd tea

蜂蜜:              honey

绿藻:              chlorella

苏打水:         soda water

冰水:              ice water

矿泉水:         mineral water

蒸馏水:         distilled water

保久奶:         long-life milk

炼乳:              condensed milk

可可:              cocoa

奶精:              coffee mate

咖啡:              coffee

冰咖啡:         iced coffee

牛奶咖啡:     white coffee

纯咖啡:         black coffee

阿华田:         ovaltine

养乐多:         chlorella yakult

鸡精:              essence of chicken

奶昔:              milk-shake

 

五. 中餐

熊掌:              bear’s paw

鹿脯:              breast of deer

海参:              beche-de-mer; sea cucumber

海鳝:              sea sturgeon

海蜇皮:         salted jelly fish

海带:              kelp; seaweed

鲍鱼:              abalone

鱼翅:              shark fin

干贝:              scallops

龙虾:              lobster

燕窝:              bird’s nest

烤乳猪:         roast suckling pig

猪脚:              pig’s knuckle

盐水鸭:         boiled salted duck

腊肉:              preserved meat

叉烧:              barbecued pork

香肠:              sausage

肉松:              fried pork flakes

烤肉:              bar-b-q

荤菜:              meat diet

素菜:              vegetables

肉羹:              meat broth

地方菜:         local dish

广东菜              Cantonese cuisine

客饭:              set meal

咖哩饭:         curry rice

炒饭:              fried rice

白饭:              plain rice

锅巴:              crispy rice

粥:                   gruel; soft rice; porridge

大卤面:         noodles with gravy

阳春面:         plain noodles

砂锅:              casserole

火锅:              chafing dish; fire pot

点心:              dim sum

肉包子:         meat bun

春卷:              spring roll

锅贴:              fried dumpling

蒸饺:              steamed dumpling

馄饨:              ravioli

元宵:              rice glue ball

汤团:              glue pudding

烧卖:              shao-mai

肠粉:              steamed vermicelli roll

臭豆腐:         bean curd with odor

腐乳:              preserved bean curd

豆腐:              bean curd

豆豉:              fermented black bean

酱瓜:              pickled cucumbers

皮蛋:              preserved egg

咸鸭蛋:         salted duck egg

萝卜干:         dried turnip

 

六. 西餐和日本料理

菜单:              menu

法国菜:         French cuisine

今日特餐:     today’s special

主厨特餐:     chef’s special

自助餐:         buffet

快餐:              fast food

招牌菜:         specialty

欧式西餐:     continental cuisine

饭前酒:         aperitif

炸薯条:         French fries

烘马铃薯:     baked potato

马铃薯泥:     mashed potatoes

煎蛋卷:         omelette

布丁:              pudding

甜点:              pastries

奶油:              butter

火腿蛋:         ham and eggs

吐司:              toast

奶油土司:     buttered toast

法国土司:     French toast

汉堡:              hamburger

松饼:              muffin

酪饼:              cheese cake

蛋糕:              cake

煎饼:              pancake

三明治:         sandwich

白面包:         white bread

黑面包:         brown bread

小型法式面包:French roll

开胃菜:         appetizer

蔬菜沙拉:     green salad

洋葱汤:         onion soup

法国浓汤:     potage

玉米浓汤:     corn soup

蔬菜面条汤:minestrone

牛尾汤:         ox tail soup

炸鸡:              fried chicken

烤鸡:              roast chicken

泡菜:              pickled vegetable

蟹肉:                 crab meat

明虾:              prawn

海螺:              conch

田螺:              escargots

炖牛肉:         braised beef

熏肉:              bacon

荷包蛋:         poached egg

煎一面荷包蛋:sunny side up

煎二在荷包蛋:over

煎蛋:              fried egg

煎半熟蛋:     over easy

煎全熟蛋:     over hard

炒蛋:              scramble eggs

煮蛋:              boiled egg

石头火锅:     stone fire pot

日本竹筷:     sashi

日本米酒:     sake

味噌酒:         miso shiru

铁板烤肉:     roast meat

生鱼片:         sashimi

 

七. 餐具

咖啡壶:         coffee pot

咖啡杯:         coffee cup

纸巾:              paper towel

餐巾:              napkin

桌布:              table cloth

茶壶:              tea-pot

茶具:              tea set

茶盘:              tea tray

茶罐:              caddy

碟:                   dish

盘:                   plate

小碟子:         saucer

饭碗:              rice bowl

筷:                   chopsticks

汤匙:              soup spoon

餐刀:              knife

杯子:              cup

玻璃杯:         glass

马克杯:         mug

便当:              picnic lunch

水果盘:         fruit plate

牙签:              toothpick

吸管:              straw

 

八. 糖和蜜饯

糖果:              confection

蜜饯:              glace fruit

果酱:              marmalade

柿饼:              dried persimmon

冬瓜糖:         candied melon

红枣:              red jujube

黑枣:              black date

蜜枣:              glace date

桂圆干:         dried longan

葡萄干:         raisin

口香糖:         chewing gum

牛轧糖:         nougat

薄荷糖:         mint

水果糖:         drop

棉花糖:         marshmallow

牛奶糖:         caramel

花生糖:         peanut drittle

巧克力 :       chocolate

 

 

 

 

九. 其他

肉:                   meat

牛肉:              beef

猪肉:              pork

鳮肉:              chicken

羊肉:              mutton

牛肉干:         jerky

牛肉片:         dried beef slices

猪肉片:         dried pork slices

面包:              bread

面包皮:         crust

馒头:              steamed bread

米粉:              rice noodles

河粉:              fried rice noodles

通心粉:         macaroni

冬粉:              bean thread

面线:              flour-rice noodle

面:                   noodles

速食面:         instant noodles

面粉:              wheat flour

淀粉:              starch

面筋:              wheat gluten

年糕:              rice cake

月饼:              moon cake

绿豆糕:         green bean cake

爆米花:         popcorn

糖炒栗子:     marrons glaces

小米粥:         millet congee

麦版粥:         cereal

菱角:              water caltrop

杏仁:              almond

奶酥:              butter bisbuit

甜筒:              ice-cream cone

圣代;新地:sundae

雪糕:              ice-cream

霜淇淋:         soft ice-cream

香草冰淇淋:vanilla ice-cream

冰棒:              ice candy

杂粮:                 sundry provisions

紫菜:              agar-agar

发菜:              hair-like seaweed

韩国泡菜:     kimchi

人工色素:     artificial color

早餐:              breakfast

午餐:              lunch

早午餐:        bruch

晚餐:              supper

宵夜:              late snack

正餐:              dinner

 

 

住宅

  • 房屋

地下室:         basement; cellar

一楼:              ground floor

公寓:              apartment

摩天大楼:     skyscraper

别墅:              villa; country house

木屋:              wooden house

茅屋:              cottage

楼中楼:         double deck

日式房屋:     tatami house

城堡:              castle

皇宫:              palace

住宅:              residence

起居室:         living room

卧室:              bedroom

客厅:              parlor

大厅:              main hall

客房:              guest room

套房:              suite

厢房:              apprentice

书房:              study room

厨房:              kitchen

餐厅:              dining room

衣帽间:         cloak room

餐具室:         pantry

浴室:              bathroom

庭院:              yard

屋檐:              eaves

玄关:              vestibule

走廊:              porch; gallery; veranda

门:                   door; gate

栅栏:              fence

阳台:              balcony

楼梯:              stairs

门铃:              doorbell

信箱:              mail box

电梯:              elevator

烟囱:              chimney

车库:              garage

仓库:              store room

下水道:         drainage

贫民区:         slum

郊区:              suburb

市中心:         downtown

 

  • 起居室

家具:              furniture

壁纸:              wall paper

壁橱:              closet

音响柜:         stereo cabinet

书柜:              book cabinet

鞋柜:              shoe cabinet

酒柜:              cocktail cabinet

地板:              floor

百叶窗:         Venetian blinds

窗帘:              window coverings; curtain

接待室:         reception room

沙发:              sofa

茶几:              tea table

折叠椅:         folding chair

摇椅:              rocking chair

花瓶:              flower vase

靠垫:              cushion

藤椅:              rattan chair

安乐椅:         easy chair; fauteuil

躺椅:              lounge chair

地毯:              carpet

烟灰缸:         ashtray

凳子:              stool

 

  • 浴室

热水器:         water heater

浴帘:              shower curtain

毛巾:              towel

漱口杯:         tooth mug

漱口水:         mouth wash

牙刷:              toothbrush

牙膏:              toothpaste

剃胡刀:         razor

浴缸:              bathtub

浴巾:              bath towel

浴帽:              bath gown

肥皂:              bath soap

药皂:              carbolic soap

洗发精:         shampoo

盥洗盆:         basin

毛巾架:         towel rack

肥皂盒:         soap dish

体重计:         weighing machine

灭火计:         fire extinguisher

雨伞:              umbrella

 

  • 小孩用具

色纸:              color paper

洋娃娃:         doll

婴儿床:         baby cot; crib

婴儿摇床:     cradle

婴孩餐椅:     high chair

推车:              stroller

风车:              windmill

积木:              toy bricks

玩具:              toy

月历:              calendar

图画纸:         drawing paper

相簿:              photo album

痱子粉:         prickly heat powder

书架:              book shelf

书桌:              student desk

小板凳:         small stool

 

  • 厨房

冰箱:              refrigerator

水桶:              pail; bucket

冰桶:              ice box

冰柜:              ice chest

碗柜:              cupboard

米柜:              rice chest

畚箕:              dustpan

垃圾桶:         trash can

瓦斯炉:         gas stove

开罐器:         can opener

开瓶器:         corkscrew

餐具柜:         kitchen cabinet

洗涤台:         sink

锅子:              pot; boiler

煤气炉:         gas oven

绞肉机:         meat grinder

砧板:              cutting board

蒸笼:              bamboo steamer

锅铲:              turning utensil; pancake turner

菜刀:              chopping knife

柴刀:              hatchet

漏斗:              funnel

过滤器:         strainer

搅拌器:         mixer

打蛋器:         egg-beater

抹布:              duster cloth

拖把:              swab

围裙:              apron

扫帚:              broom; litter sweeper

抽风机:         exhaust fan

抽油烟机:     ventilator

饮水机:         cooler

去污粉:         cleaner

杀虫剂:         insect spray

洒水器:         sprinkler

 

  • 卧室

单人床:         single bed

双人床:         double bed

塌塌米::        straw mattress; tatami

草席:              straw mat

棉被:              quilt

床单:              sheet

枕头:              pillow

蚊帐:              mosquito net

屏风:              folding screen

梳妆桌:         dressing table

梳妆镜:         vanity mirror

抽屉:              drawer

床垫:              mattress

毛毯:            blanket

电毯:              electric blanket

床头柜:         night table

行李箱:         suitcase

保险箱:         steel safe

衣架:              clothes-horse

香水:              perfume

 

  • 水电

自来水:         tap water; running water

淡水:              fresh water

水管:              water pipe

排水管:         drain

水表:              water gauge

滤水器:         water purifier

抽水机:         water pump

电灯:              lamp

台灯:              table lamp; desk lamp

灯泡:              bulb

灯罩:              lamp shade

日光灯:         fluorescent lamp

霓虹灯:         neon light

灯笼:              lantern

电池:              battery

电表:              electrometer

电压:              voltage

电流:              electric current

 

  • 家庭常用电器

电视机:         television

录放影机:     video cassette recorder

雷射影碟机:laser disc (LD)

录音机:         Tape recorders

冷气机:         air conditioner

计算机:         calculator

收音机:         radio

音响:              audio; HI-FI

照相机:         camera

立可拍照相机:instant camera

手提照像机:portable camera

电锅:              electric rice cooker

微波炉:         micro-wave oven

烤箱;烤炉:oven

洗碗机:         dishwasher

烤面包机:     toaster

搅拌器:         mixer

刨冰机:         ice crusher

榨汁机:         juicer

电风扇:         electric fan

洗衣机:         washing machine

烘干机:         dryer

电唱机:         record player

扩大机:         amplifier

四声道唱机:quadraphonic record

放映机:         projectors

熨斗:              iron

打蜡机:         floor polisher

吸尘器:                   vacuum cleaner

吹风机:                   hair drier

电动刮胡刀:         electric shaver

 

 

休闲

  • 音乐

音乐晚会:     musical soiree

音乐厅:         music hall

乐队:              band

歌词:              text; words

歌调:              canto

古典乐:         classical music

交响乐:         symphony

轻音乐:         light music

爵士乐:         jazz music

摇滚乐:         rock and roll

热门音乐:     hot music

狄斯可音乐:disco

民谣:              ballad

民歌:              folk song

情歌:              love song

歌曲:              song

主题歌:         theme song

抒情歌:         lyric song

流行歌:         popular song

 

  • 电视与电影

大众传播:     mass communication

电视节目表:TV programs

记者:              reporter; journalist

导播:              program director

制作人:         producer

节目主持人:master of ceremony; MC

男主角:         mal lead

女主角:         female lead

现场节目:     live show

场场实况:     live scene

现场转播:     field pickup

实况节目:     giveaway

卫星转播:     satellite transmission

电视广播:     telecast

电视台:         TV station

联播:              rebroadcasting

重播:              repeat

新闻气象:     news & weather

音乐节目:     musical program

唱片:              disc

有声电影:              sound movie

成人电影:              adult movie

悲剧电影:              tragedy film

喜剧电影:              comedy film

黑白片:                   black & white picture

外国片:                   foreign picture

国语片:                   mandarin picture

卡通:                       cartoon

有线:                       cable

闭路:                       closed-circuit

录影带:                   video tape

录影唱片:              video disc

遥控:                       remote control

中文字幕:              Chinese captions

频道:                       channel

调频:                       frequency modulation

调幅:                       amplitude modulation

广告:                       commercial

节目:                       program telecast

收视率:                   audience rating

盛大献映:              grand opening

今日放映:              showing today

放映时间:              showing time

早场:                       morning show

夜场:                       evening show

日场:                       matinee

售票房:                   ticket office

 

  • 旅行

观光:                       tourism

海外旅行:                 overseas trip

观光客:                   tourist

签证:                       visa

出境:                       departure

过境:                       stop over

旅行社:                   tourist agency

小费:                       tip

火车站:                   railroad station

火车时刻表:         timetable

来回票:                   round trip ticket

免税商店:              duty free shop

纪念品店:              souvenir shop

史迹:                       historic relic

名胜:                       famous spot

竞技场:         stadium

音乐厅:         concert hall

植物园:         botanical gardens

博物馆:         museum

纪念照:         souvenir picture

旅馆:              inn; hotel

机场旅馆:     airport hotel

汽车旅馆:     motel

汽艇旅馆:     boatel

蜜月旅行:     honeymoon

露天式澡堂:open-air bath; public bath

特快车票:     express ticket

余兴节目:     entertainment

团体旅行:     traveling in a group

旅游指南:     guide book

优待票:         coupon ticket

登山:             hiking; mountain climbing

登山帽:         hiking cap

 

  • 摄影

自拍器:         self timer

焦点:              focus

焦距:              focal length

光圈:              iris

曝光表:         exposure meter

距离:              distance

快门:              shutter

单镜头:         single lens

双镜头:         double lens

广角镜头:     wide-angle lens

三合一镜头:zone-lens

变焦距镜头:zoom lens

传真照相:     telectroscope

镜头:              lens

镜筒:              cone

摄远镜头:     telephoto lens

反光镜:         reflector

照相器材:     photographic-apparatus

软片:              film

一卷:              a roll

拍照:              shoot

按摆姿势:     pose

对比:              contrast

放大:              enlargement

缩小:              reducing

照片:              photograph

 

  • 游戏

陀螺:              top

跳马:              jumping over; leap frog

跳绳:              rope skipping

放风筝:         flying kites

沙包:              little sandbags

呼拉圈:         hula hoop

纸飞机:         paper plane

打弹珠:         marbles

轮盘:              roulette

扑克牌:         poker cards

象棋:              Chinese chess

围棋:              GO

五子棋:         gobang

溜冰鞋:         roller skates

掷镖:              darts

西洋棋:         chess

家家酒:         doll’s house

捉迷藏:         hide-and-seek

跳房子:         hopscotch

跳背:              leapfrog

早操:              morning exercise

踢毽子:         kicking shuttlecock

骑木马:         vaulting horse

积木:              building blocks

七巧板:         tangram

21点:             black-jack

骰子:              dice

吃角子老虎:slot machine

桥牌:              bridge

宾果:              bingo

 

  • 钓鱼

鱼网:              fishing net

钓鱼钩:         fishing hook

手提椅子:     portable chair

鱼笼:              portable creel

钓竿:              fishing rod

钓线:              fishing line

铅锺:              sinker

钓竿套:         rod case

饵:                   bait

线轴:              reel

冰盒:              portable icebox

杂物盒:         tackle box

钓竿架:         rod stand

浮标:              float

天秤:              scale

钓鱼帽:         fishing cap

 

  • 其他休闲

云霄飞车:     jet coaster

跷跷板:         seesaw

儿童赛车:     go-cart

滑梯:              slide

秋千:              swing

旋转木马:     merry-go-round

吊床:              hammock

太空飞船:     astrojet

单轨火车:     mono-rail

遥控车              remote-control car

空中飞车:     roller coaster

滑水:              water-skiing

潜水:              skin diving

冲浪:              surfing

溜冰:              skating

轮式溜冰:     roller skater

花式溜冰:        figure skating

拔河:              tug of war

远足:              hiking

竞走:              walking race

赛跑:              dash

接力赛跑:     relay race

骑马:              riding

赛马:              horse racing

打猎:              hunting

划船:              rowing

游泳:              swimming

跳舞:              dance

放风筝:         to fly a kite

钓鱼:              fishing

减肥运动:     weight reducing exercise

 

 

运动

  • 球类名称

篮球:              basketball

排球:             vooeyball

棒球:              baseball

足球:              soccer

美式足球:     American football

橄榄球:         rugby

羽毛球:         badminton

桌球:              snooker

网球:              tennis

手球:              handball

垒球:              softball

硬式网球:     hard-ball tennis

软式网球:     soft-ball tennis

水球:              water polo

板球:              cricket

短曲棍球:     hockey

冰上曲棍球:ice hockey

躲避球:         dodgeball

撞球:              billiards

保龄球:         bowling

高尔夫球:     golf

马球:              polo

推移板:         shuffle board

槌球:              croquet

长曲棍球:     lacrosse

壁球:              squash

回力球:         JAI ALAI; PELOTA

 

二. 田径及竞技名称

掷铅球:         shot putting

掷铁饼:         discus throwing

掷标枪:         javelin throwing

掷链球:         hammer throwing

慢跑:              jogging

跳远:              long jump

跳高:              high jump

撑竿跳:         pole vault jump

三级跳远:     hop step & jump

立定跳远:     standing broad jump

拳击:              boxing

形意拳:         hsing I kung-Fu

韩国跆拳:     Taekwondo

泰国拳:         THAI boxing

角力:              wrestling

摔跤:              wrestle

相扑:              SUMO

柔道:              JUDO

太极拳:         shadow boxing;

瑜珈:              YOGA

空手道:         KARATE

击剑:              fencing

射箭:              archery

射击:              shooting

刺枪术:         javelin throw

骑术:              horsemanship

举重:              weight lifting

马拉松赛跑:Marathon race

体操:              Gymnastics

柔软体操:     callisthemics

 

三. 竞赛人员名称

短跑运动员:sprinter

跨栏运动员:hurdler

跳高运动员:jumper

掷铅球员:     shot putter

掷标枪者:     javelin thrower

掷铁饼者:     discus thrower

举重选手:     weight lifter

摔跤选手:     wrestler

拳击手:         boxer

射手:              archer

溜冰运动员:skater

爬山运动员:mountaineer

守门员:         goal-keeper

高尔夫球童:caddie

 

四.竞赛运动用具

田赛:              field events

径赛:              track events

跑道:              track

运动场:         playing field

田径场:         ground-track and field

圣火台:         sacred fire stand

颁奖台:         award platform

棉线:              tape

栏架:              hurdle

横杆:              cross-bar

架子:              post

沙坑:              broad jump pit

撑杆跳的竿子:pole

铅球:              shot

铁饼:              discus

标枪:              javelin

滑雪杖:         ski pole

溜冰场:         skating-rink

雪车:              sled

雪橇:              toboggan

拳击台:         boxing ring

拳击手套:     boxing glove

靶子:              target

网球场:         tennis-court

乒乓球拍:     table tennis bat

高尔夫球棍:golf-club

 

五. 比赛与奖品

公开赛:         open game

邀请赛:         invitation game

友谊赛:         friendly competition

淘汰赛:         eliminate game

循环赛:         cycling race

表演赛:         exhibition game

预赛:              trial

复赛:              semi-final

决赛:              final

业余运动员:amateur player

职业运动员:professional player

冠军:              championship

亚军:              runner-up

季军:              ternary

殿军:              rear ward

金牌:              gold medal

银牌:              silver medal

铜牌:              bronze medal

奖状:              citation

卫冕:              defend the title

破纪录:         record breaking

世界纪录:     world record

圣火:              sacred fire

奥林匹克运动会:olympic games

六. 棒球用语

击球员:         batter

投手:              pitcher

捕手:              catcher

跑垒员:         base runner

内野手:         infielder

外野手:         outfielder

代打者:         pinch hitter

代跑者:         pinch runner

一垒手:         first baseman

二垒手:         second baseman

三垒手:         third baseman

右外野手:     right outfielder

左外野手:     left outfielder

中坚手:        center outfielder

游击手:         short stop

教练:              coach

主审:              chief umpire

垒审:              base umpire

邻队:              delegate

强打者:         swat artist

四坏球:         walk base on balls

保送:              pass

变化球:         knuckle ball

双杀球:         double play

三杀球:         triple play

快速球:         fireball

开球:              serve

界外:              foul territory

暴投:              throwing error

安打:              hit

直球:              straight

三振:              fan out

分:                   run

接杀:              assist

失误:              error

全垒打:         home run

盗垒:              stealing bases

牺牲短打:     sacrifice hit

高飞球:         bloop hit

好球:              strike

下坠球:         drop ball; sinker

 

 

七. 篮球用语

篮板:              back board

假动作:         dummy play

得分:              scoring

阻挡:              blocking

换人:              substitute

中锋:              center

前卫:              advance guard

后卫:              guard

跳球:              jump ball

勾射:              hook shot

运球:              dribble

罚球线:         free-throw line

中声休息:     interval

暂停:              time out

盯人:              mark

犯规:              foul

带球跑:         running with ball

技术犯规:     technical foul

带球撞人:     dribble charging

擦板投射:     bank shot

吃火锅:         blocked shot

 

  • 游泳与高尔夫球

自由式:         free-stroke

蛙式:              orthodox breast-stroke

蝶式:              butterfly stroke

仰式:              back-stroke

爬式:              crawl stroke

跳水:              diving

花式跳水:     fancy dive

水上芭蕾:     synchronized swimming

自由式接力:free-stroke relay

救生员:         life guard

日光浴:         sun-bathing

跳板:              spring board

扩音机:         megaphone

更衣室:         dressing room

泳圈:              swimming tube

耳塞子:         earplug

泳帽:              swimming cap

标准杆:         par

柏蒂(低于标准杆一杆):birdie

鹰(低于标准杆二杆):eagle

阿巴措斯(低于标准杆三杆):albatross

柏蒂(多于标准杆一杆):bogey

柏蒂(多于标准杆二杆):double bogey

总杆赛:         stroke play

逐洞赛:         match play

加赛:              play-off

球杆:              club

推杆:              putting

果岭:              green

 

  • 运动及其它球类用语

减肥:              weight-reducing

骑自行车:     cycling

斗牛:              bull0fight; corrida

码表:              stopwatch

单杠:              horizontal bar

高低杠:         uneven parallel bars

平衡台:         balance beam

双杠:              parallel bars

吊环:              rope quoit

勾环:              shackle

鞍马:              pommelled horse

翻筋斗:         somersault

综合健美机:universal gym

跳绳:              jump rope

球棒:              bat

捕手手套:     catcher’s mitt

护腕:              wrist pad

护膝:              knee pad

护肩:              shoulder pads

钉鞋:              spiked shoes

溜冰鞋:         skate

球场:              court

球拍:              racket

保龄球瓶:     bowling pins

全倒;好球:strike

滑板:              skateboard

滑雪屐:         ski

跳雪台:         ski jump

拳击场:         boxing ring

弯道滑雪:     slalom

雪橇:              sleigh

特技滑水:     hot dogging

冲浪板:         surf-board

风浪板:         wind-surfing board

氧气筒:         air tank

橡皮衣:         dry-suit

防水衣:         wet suit

悬吊滑翔机:hang glider

降落伞:         parachute

花式跳伞:     style jumping

定点跳伞:     accuracy jumping

登山鞋:         caravan shoes

镐:                   pick

冰斧:              ice axe

锺子:              hammer

卡宾枪:         carabineer

体育场:         stadium

运动场:         playing field

哨子:              whistle

信号枪:         starting pistol

预赛:              trial; trial heat

起跑线:         starting line

 

  • 露营用语

帐篷:              tent

雨篷:              awning; back pack

露营用炉:     camp stove

煤油灯:         lantern

睡袋:              sleeping-bag

火柴:              match

木炭:              charcoal

太阳眼镜:     sun-glasses

露营背心:     down jacket; vest

短毛线帽:     knitted cap; woolen cap

整套携带炊具:matching cooking set

燃料筒:         fuel container

锅夹:              pot grip

烤架:              grill

水壶:              water bottle

急救箱:         first-aid kit

杀虫剂:         insect repellent

手电筒:         flashlight; torch

漱洗用具:     toilet articles

应急粮食:     emergency rations

指南针:         compass

行军比赛:     back packing

 

 

交通

  • 车辆名称

电车:              Tram, Street car

缆车:              cable car

火车:              train

邮车:              mail car

吉普车:         jeep

军用卡车:     camion

卡车:              truck

巡逻警车:     squad car

工程车:         mobile machinery shop

救护车:         ambulance

跑车:              sports car

汽车:              automobile

防弹汽车:     bullet-proof car

出租汽车:     rental car

公共汽车:     bus

双层巴士:     double-decker bus

小型巴士:     minibus, van

观光巴士:     sightseeing bus

长途客运车:coach

轿车:              sedan

赛车:              racing car

计程车:         taxi; cab

短距离之小型巴士:shuttle bus; limousine

交通车/厂车:        company bus

越野车:         rally

垃圾车:         garbage truck

洒水车:         street sprinkler van

消防车:         fire engine

压路车:                   street roller

拖吊车:                   towing truck

拖车:                       trailer

警车:                       police car

清洁车:                   sanitation vehicles

三轮货车:              three-wheel truck

老爷车:                   hot-rod; jalopy

摩托车:                   motorcycle

速克达:                   scooter

机踏车:                   motorbike

脚踏车:                   bicycle

快速电车:              fast train

通勤火车:              commuter train

路面电车:              street car

 

二. 交通标志

高速公路:              freeway

收费站:                   toll station

休息站:                   rest area

斑马线:         zebra crossing; pedestrian crossing

人行道:                   pavement

入口:                       entrance

出口:                       exit

大路:                       avenue

小路:                       path

三叉路:                   road junction

隧道:                       tunnel

起伏路:                   rough road

单行道:                   one way only

地下道:                   underpass

地下铁:                   subway

十字路口:              intersection

天桥:                       overpass; foot bridge

交叉路口:              cross-road

不准停车:              no packing

超速:                       excessive speed

超载:                       overloading

交通警察:              traffic cop

交通大队:              traffic police department

交通裁决所:         vehicle supervision department

罚金:                       bail

栅栏:                       barrier

停车场:                   parking lot

交通标志:              traffic sigh

公路电话箱:call box

 

三.车辆零件

普通汽油:     regular gasoline

高级汽油:     premium gasoline

无铅汽油:     unleaded gasoline

柴油:              diesel oil

润滑油:         lubricant

机油:              engine oil

煞车油:         brake fluid

蜡:                   car wax

自动排档:     auto shift

停车:              parking

牌照:              number plate

普通驾照:     ordinary driver’s license

职业驾照:     professional driver’s license

折旧:              depreciation

保险杠:         bumper

电动天窗:     power sunroof

动力方向盘:power steering

电动窗:         power window

中央控制锁:central lock

铝合金钢圈:aluminum wheel

计程表:         cyclometer

雨刷:              wiper

手煞车:         hand brake

油门:              accelerator

排档:              gear

油箱:              fuel tank

加油器:         lubricator

喷嘴:              nozzle

火星塞:         spark-plug; sparking-plug

消音器:         muffler

齿轮:              cog

车轮:              wheel

车軩:              tire

板手:              wrench

车套:              car coat

工具箱:         tool box

弹缸:              tune-up

闪光灯:         flasher; blinker

方向灯:         indicator light

驾驶盘:         steering wheel

千斤顶:         jack

整流器:         selenium rectifier

头灯:              headlight

保险丝:         fuse

安全帽:         motorcycle safety helmet

离合器:         clutch pedal

避震器:         shock absorber

汽油票:         gasoline voucher

回数票:         commutation ticket

打气筒:         tire pump

 

四.船舶与航海

港口:              port; harbor

船舶:              vessel

竹筏:              bamboo raft

独木舟:         dugout; canoe

帆船:              sail boat

商船:              merchant ship

货轮:              freighter; cargo ship

货柜船:         container ship

灯塔船:         light-ship

橡皮艇:         rubber boat

救生筏:         life raft

游艇:              yacht; float

气垫船:         hovercraft

消防艇:         fireboat

拖船:              tug boat

汽船:              steamer

驳船:              barge

水翼船:         hydrofoil carft

油轮:              oil tanker

汽艇:              power boat

信号旗:         signal flag

舵:                   rudder

锚:                   anchor

桨:                   oar

绞盘:              windlass

锚炼:              chain

缆绳:              rigging; cordage

号笛:              siren

航海:              navigation

航向:              course

航路标志:     beacon

航海日志:     log-book

航海历:         nautical almanac; ship’s log

航行灯:         navigation light

舱单:              manifest

偷渡者:         stowaway

走私:              smuggle

触礁:              strand

救生圈:         life buoy

救生衣:         life jacket

码头:              wharf

领港:              pilot

船长:              captain; master

水手:              sailor

船员:              crew

甲板:              deck

船舷梯:         gangway ladder

救生员:         lifeguard

潜水员:         diver

码头工人:     stevedore

 

五.航空

空勤:              air service

起飞:              take off

着陆:              landing

地勤:              ground service

机场:              airport

管制室:         observation window

跑道:              runway; airstrip

停机坪:         apron

机长:              captain

空中少爷:     steward

空中小姐:     stewardess

全体机员:     flight crew

航空公司:     airline

登机门:         departure gate

下机门:         arrival gate

过境旅客:     transit passenger

飞行时间:     flying-time

头等舱:         first class

经济位:         economy class

商务舱:         business class

国内班次:     domestic flight

国外班次:     international flight

客舱:              cabin

检疫:              quarantine

晕机:              air-sick

防空演习:     air defense drill

空袭警报:     air alert

防空洞:         shelter

行李寄存单:claim-tag

通关申报表格:customs declaration form

入境申请表:disembarkation card

氧气面罩:     oxygen mask

飞机票:         airline ticket

安全带:         safety belt

跳伞:              parachute jump

气流:              air current

滑翔机:         glider

民航机:         civil aircraft

侦察机:         reconnaissance plane

喷射机:         jet plane

超音速机:     supersonic transport

水陆两用机:amphibian

 

六. 邮政

邮局:              post office

邮筒:              mailbox; post box

邮票:              stamp

汇票:              money order

邮戳:              post mark

邮购:              mail order

邮差:              mailman

印花:              stamp duty

投信口:         drop

包裹:              package; parcel

打印机:         stamper

信件:              letter

明信片:         postcard

平信;平邮:ordinary mail

快信:              express mail

航空信:         airmail letter

急件:              urgent

转寄:              forward

限时专送:     special delivery

海运:              sea mail

空运:              airlift

存证信函:     legal attest letter

印刷品:         printed matter

寄信人:         sender; addresser

收信人:         receiver; addressee

集邮者:         philatelist

邮政储金:     postal savings

邮政信箱:     post office box

邮政划拨:     postal remittance

航空邮筒:     aerogram

邮递区号:     zip code

 

七. 电信

电信局:         telecommunication office

交换局:         central exchange

区域号码:     area code

用户:              subscriber

对讲机:         intercom

电话亭:         telephone booth

市内电话:     local call

公共电话:     public telephone

紧急电话:     emergency call

拨号:              dial

讲话中:         line is busy

没人接听:     no answer

不要挂断:     hold on

挂断:              hang up

回电:              call back

电话簿:         telephone directory

查号台:         information directory desk

接线生:         operator

电话费:         telephone payment

基本费:         basic charges

超次费:         extra charges

窃听器:         detectaphone

移机:              move telephone

换机:              change

确认:              confirm

叫号电话:     station to station call

叫人电话:     person to person call

对方付费电话:collect call

国际直拨电话:international direct dial call

行动电话;手提电话:         cellular phone

呼叫器;传呼器:         pager; beeper

无线电话:     radio phone

和信用卡通话:credit card call

 

  • 办公室常用资讯

电脑:              computer

组合语言:     assembly language

磁碟片:         disk

磁碟机:         disk drive

软件:              software

硬件:              hardware

打孔机:         card punch

列表机:         printer

萤光幕:         monitor

传真机:         fax machine

收银机:         cash register

影印机:         copier

打字机:         typewriter

幻灯片:         slide

幻灯放映机:slide projector

电影摄影机:movie camera

听筒:              hand set

按键式电话:push-button telephone

分机号码:     extension

自动答录机:answering machine

 

  • 其他

交通设施:     means of transportation

铁路电气化:trunk line electrification

铁路:              railway

纵贯线:         trunk line

北回铁路:     north line railway

火车头:         locomotive

月台:              platform

运费:              fare; freight

单程票:         one-way ticket

加油站:         gas station

汽车修理厂:garage

终点:              terminal

上铺:              upper berth

下铺:              lower berth

渡船:              ferry-boat

 

社会生活

  • 家族人称

曾祖父:         great-grandfather

祖父母:         grandparents

祖父:              grandfather

祖母:              grandmother

岳父:              father-in-law

岳母:              mother-in-law

伯父:              elder uncle

伯母:              aunt

叔叔:              uncle

姨妈:              mother’s sister

姨丈:              husband of mother’s sister

舅舅:              maternal uncle

姑丈:              husband of paternal’s sister

妹夫:              brother-in-law

小姑:              husband’s younger sister

舅母:              maternal aunt

丈夫:              husband

妻子:              wife

养父:              foster father

父亲:              father

母亲:              mother

双亲:              parents

儿子:              son

女儿:              daughter

儿女:              children

孙子:              grandchild

孙女:              granddaughter

哥哥:              elder brother

弟弟:              younger brother

姐姐:              elder sister

妹妹:              younger sister

堂、表兄弟姐妹:cousin

侄子或外甥:nephew

甥女或侄女:niece

 

二. 一般人称:

成年人:         adult

绅士:              gentleman

女士:              lady

青年人:         young man

男孩:              boy

女孩:              girl

小孩:              kid; child

婴儿:              infant; baby

子孙:              descendants

男朋友:         boy friend

女朋友:         girl friend

邻居:              neighbor

佣人:              servant

下女:              house maid; amah

先生:              mister; MR.

太太:              mistress; MRS.

小姐:              Miss

笔友:              pen friend

少男:              lad

少女:              lass

市民:              townsfolk

乡下人:         churl

游伴:              playmate

同志:              comrade

 

三. 行业人称

律师:              lawyer

检察官:         public prosecutor

公务员:         government worker

商人:              businessman

珠宝商:         jeweler

模特儿:         model

舞蹈家:         dancer

内科医生:     physician; internist

外科医生:     surgeon

董事长:         president

总经理:         general manager

经理:              manager

秘书:              secretary

课长:              section chief

工程师:         engineer

设计师:         designer

飞行员:         pilot

美容师:         hairdresser

歌星:              singer

艺术家:         artist

导演:              director

警察:              policeman

药剂师:         pharmacist

军人:              soldier

推销员:         saleman

医生:              doctor

牙科医生:     dentist

男演员:         actor

画家:              painter

护士:              nurse

理发师:         barber

私人司机:     chauffeur

驾驶员:         driver

导游:              guide

记者:              journalist

小贩:              peddler

店员:              salesclerk

办事员;文员:clerk

行李夫:         porter

政治家:         politician

测量员:         surveyor

建筑师:         architect

木匠:              carpenter

消防员:         fireman

农夫:              farmer

渔民:              fisherman

矿工:              miner

服务生:         waiter

邮差:              postman

学者:              scholar

清道夫:         scavenger

 

四. 其他称谓

孪生兄弟:     twin brothers

亲属:              relative

宗亲:              clan

宗族:              kin

血统:              blood relationship

家谱:              genealogy family tree

团圆:              reunion

合伙人:         partner

学长:              senior

奴隶:              slave

连襟:              husband of wife’s sister

继承人:         heir

家人:              folks

代沟:              generation gap

英雄:              hero

智者:              sage

爱国者:         patriot

山胞:              aboriginal tribesman

纯种:              pedigree

黄种人:         yellow race

黑人:              negro

混血儿:         mixed blood

百万富翁:     millionaire

同事:              colleague

同班同学:     classmate

房客:              tenant

房东:              landlord

 

五. 宗教用语

佛教:              Buddhism

基督教:         Chiristianity

天主教:         Catholicism

回教:              Mohammedanism; Islamism

摩门教:         Mormonism

儒教:              Confucianism

犹太教:         Judaism

婆罗门教:     Brahmanism

清教:              Puritanism

喇嘛教:         Lamaism

白莲教:         white lotus sect

道教:              Taoism

和尚:              bonze; monk

舍利子:         relic

神父; 牧师:priest

基督:              Christ

弥撒:              solemn mass

神:                   god

救世主:         saviour

耶和华:         Jehovah

耶稣:              Jesus

天使:              angel

先知:              prophet

亚当:              adam

夏娃:              Eve

十字架:         cross

复活:              resurrection

天堂:              heaven

教堂:              church

天主堂:         catholic church

布道:              evangelism

福音:              gospel

赎罪:              atonement

忏悔:              penance

主日学:         Sunday school

教会:              mission

长者:              presbyter

教父:              god father

佛教徒:         Buddhist

达摩:              Dharma

如来佛:         Buddha

弥勒佛:         Maitreya

佛像:              image of Buddha

化身:              personification

僧侣:              sangha

尼姑:              Buddhist nun

剃度:              tonsure

方丈:              abbot

涅槃经:         sutra of nirvana

金刚经:         diamond sutra

大乘:              Mahayana

打坐:              sit cross-legged

坐禅:              umbilicular contemplation

藏经阁:         vihara

禅室:              meditation hall

超渡:              release souls from suffering

香:                   joss stick

庙:                   temple

施主:              benefactor

香客:              pilgrim

斋戒:              fast; abstinence

回教徒:         Moslem; Mohammedan; Islamite

 

六. 人生百态

傻笑:              giggle

笑:                   laugh

微笑:              smile

苦笑:              bitter smile

开玩笑:         kidding

生气:              angry

瞪眼:              stare

发火:              nag

争吵:              quarrel

咆哮:              growl

叹气:              sigh

丢面子:         lose face

啜泣:              sob

快乐:              happy

吹牛:              boast

卖 弄:            show off

说谎:              lie

闲聊:              chat

恶作剧:         prank

吃:                   eat

喝:                   drink

赌:                   gamble

害怕:              fear

发抖:              shiver

口 吃:            stutter

偏见:              preoccupation

怨:                   complain

裸奔:              streaking

固执:              obstinate

幽默:              humor

慷慨:              generous

吞吞吐吐:     hem

吹毛求疵:     nit-pick

马马虎虎:     so so

声名狼藉:     notorious

白痴:              idiot

流氓:              rascal

披头:              beatles

太保:              gangster

嬉皮:              hippy

醒:                   wake

睡觉:              sleep

愚蠢:              fool

智慧:              wisdom

保守的:         conservative

称赞的:         admirable

丑的:              ugly

漂亮的:         pretty; beautiful

魅力的:         attractive

喜欢的:         favorite

可爱的:         cute

勤勉的:         diligent

耐心的:         patient

进取的:         progressive

流行的:         fashionable

寒酸的:         tacky

高雅的:         elegant

明确的:         definite; positive

积极的:         active

 

七. 道路

公车路线:     bus line

地下铁路线:subway line

街址号码:     block number

地铁车站:     subway station

安全岛:         safety island

行道树:         shade tree; roadside tree

路灯:              street lamp

车道:                 driveway

警局:              police station

报摊:              newspaper stand

停车计时器:parking meter

自动贩卖机:vending machine

名胜:              scenic spot

公厕:              public toilet

废纸箱:         waste-paper basket

巴士站:         bus stop

电线杆:         electric light pole

消防栓:         fire hydrant

橱窗:              show-window

 

八. 商店

商场:              bazaar

交易所:         exchange

银行:              bank

公司:              company

书店:              book store

面包店:         bakery

超级市场:     supermarket

洗衣店:         launderette

肉店:              butcher

餐厅:              restaurant

布店:              clothes shop

鞋店:              shoe store

茶店:              tea shop

水果店:         fruit store

夜总会:         night club

百货公司:     department store

酒吧:              bar

药房:              pharmacy; drug store

钟表商:         watch-maker

柜台:              counter

女装店:         dress shop; boutique

男装店:         men’s wear shop

乐器店:         musical instrument shop

文具店:         stationery shop

帽店:              hat shop

化妆品店:     cosmetics shop

自助餐厅:        cafeteria

照像馆:         photographic studio

珠宝商:         jeweler

运动器材店:sports goods store

公共澡堂:     public bath

杂货店:         grocery

中国餐馆:     Chinese restaurant

日本料理店:Japanese food restaurant

法国餐馆:     French restaurant

 

九. 美容

白发:              gray hair; grey hair

染发剂:         hair-dye

理发店:         barber shop

剪发:              haircut

理发:              hair-dressing

剪短:              cut short

女子做发:     hair-do; hair set

烫发:              permanent wave

喷发胶:         hair spray

假发:              wig; toupee; toupet

辫子:              queue

假辫子:         coronet braid switch

卷发:              curly hair; frizzy hair

剪刘海:         bang

剃胡子 :       shave

双面剃刀:     twin-blade razor

刮胡膏:         shaving cream

刮胡水:         shaving lotion

美容院:         beauty parlor

美容师:         beautician

化装:              make up

化装术:         cosmetology

新娘化装:     bridal make-up

修面:              shave

漂白:              bleaching

乳液:              skin milk

面霜:              facial cream

防晒油:         suntan oil

凡士林:         Vaseline

粉扑:              puff

粉底:              powder foundation

自动眉笔:     automatic eye-brow pencil

眉刷:              eyebrow brush

假睫毛:         false eyelashes

睫毛笔:         eyelash pencil

眼影膏:         eye shadow

眼线液:         eye-liner fluid

眼线笔:         eye-liner pencil

胭脂:              rouge

胭脂水:         rouge fluid

唇膏:              lipstick

香水:              perfume; cologne

拔毛:              depilation

爽身粉:         talcum powder

痱子粉:         prickly heat powder

修甲师:         manicurist

修脚指甲:     pedicure

修甲剪:         nail scissors

指甲钳:         nail clipper

指甲锉:         nail file

指甲油:         nail enamel

 

随身用品

  • 男士服装

西装:              western suit

猎装:              safari

中山装:         sun yat sen’s uniform

青年装:         safari

马球衫:         polo shirt

晨礼服:         morning coat

燕尾服:         swallow-tailed coat

无尾晚礼服:dinner jacket

男人大礼服:frock coat

袈裟:              pallium

泳裤:              swimming trunks

马褂:              Chinese jacket

男三角裤:     men’s brief

 

二. 女士服装

晚礼服:         evening dress

鸡尾酒服:     cocktail dress

结婚礼服:     wedding dress

新娘礼服:     bridal gown

新娘披纱:     bridal veil

洋装;上下连身的衣服:one-piece dress

孕妇装:         maternity dress

露背装:         backless costume

上空装:         topless

泳装:              swim-suit

比基尼:         bikini

女低胸衣:     low dress

貂皮大衣:     mink coat

女衬衫:         smock

旗袍:              chi-pao

日本和服:     kimono

裙子:              skirt

百折裙:         pleats

迷你裙:         mini skirt

裤裙:              divided skirt

套裙:              slip on

衬裙:              petticoat

肚兜:              stomacher

宽松长裤:     slacks

喇叭裤:         bell-bottomed pants

热裤:              hot-pants

衬裤:              panties

女用三角裤:driefs

胸罩:              bra; cup bra

束腰:              concertina

女内衣:         lingerie

袜带:              garter

裤袜:              panty-hose

肩带:              sash

丝袜:              silk stockings

 

三. 男女皆宜的服装

衬衫:              shirt

圆领衫:         T-shirt

外套:              coat

套头毛衣:     pullover

对襟毛衣:     cardigan

毛衣:              sweater

背心:              vest

套装:              suit

雨衣:              raincoat; waterproof coat

睡衣裤:         pajamas

浴衣:              bathing suit

蓑衣:              coir raincoat

风衣:              car coat

大衣:              overcoat

短大衣:         overcoat

皮大衣:         fur topcoat

防弹衣:         ball-proof clothes

短上衣:         blouse

汗衫:              tee-shirt; T-shirt; undershirt

花格衬衫:     checkered shirt

睡袍:              negligee

晨袍:              dressing gown

运动服:         sports suit

工作服:         overalls

戏服:              costumes

便装:              negligee

制服:              uniform

牛仔衣裤:     jeans

牛仔装:         cowboy suit

袜子:              stockings; hosiery

内衣:              underwear

男女短袜:     sock

棉袜:              quilted stockings

长裤:              pants; trousers

短裤:              breeches; shorts

半短裤 :       shorts

 

四. 皮包与鞋子

腋下皮包:     clutch bag

手提包:         handbag

公事包:         brief case

肩带包:         shoulder bag

书包:              school bag

背包:              knapsack

钱包:              purse

钥匙包:         key holder

旅行包:         traveling bag

背袋:              rucksack

手提箱:         attache case

化妆箱:         cosmetic case

西服箱:         suitcase

衣箱:              wardrobe case

皮夹子:         wallet

购物袋:         shopping bag

篮子:              basket

皮鞋:              leather-shoe

运动鞋:         sports shoe

雨鞋:              rainboots

钉鞋:              spiked shoes

便鞋:              dress shoe; walking shoe

凉鞋:              sandal

拖鞋:              slipper

休闲鞋:         loafer shoes

慢跑鞋:         jogging shoes

绅士鞋:         man’s shoe

前露鞋:         open shoe; open shank

高跟鞋:         high-heel shoe

系鞋带平底鞋:oxford shoe

系鞋带女鞋:strap shoe

马靴:              riding boot

长统靴 :       boot

木屐:              clogs

登山鞋:         caravan shoes

鞋底:                 sole

 

五. 货币与金融

货币:              currency

硬币:              coin

外币:              foreign currency

银元:              yuan

假钞:              forged note

伪币:              forged coin

二角半:         quarter

一角:              dime

五分:              nickel

一分:              penny

美金:              U.S. Dollar

卢布:              Rouble

日币:              Yen

荷兰币:         guilder; florin

英币:              stering

镑:                   pound

法郎:              franc

纸币:              paper currency

现金:              cash

外汇:              foreign exchange

汇款:              remittance

信用卡:         credit card

支票:              check

旅行支票:     traveler’s checks

汇率:              exchange rate

贴现率:         discount rate

黑市汇兑:     black market exchange

放款:              loan

担保物:         collateral

抵押:              mortgage

利息:              interest

利率:              interest rate

通货膨胀:     inflation

扑满:              saving box

零用钱:         pin money

私房钱:         pocket money

 

六.金银珠宝

上等珍珠:     orient

珍碧珠:         genuine pearl

夜明珠:         garnet

人造珍珠:     olivet

黑珠:              metacinnabarite

宝石:              gem

红宝石:         ruby

蓝宝石:         sapphire

绿宝石:         emerald

猫眼石:         opal

虎眼石:         tiger’s eye

人造宝石:     synthetic cut stone

贝壳:                 shell

玉:                   jade

紫翠玉:         alexandrite

碧玉:              jasper

紫玉:              qarnet

水晶:              crystal

紫水晶:         amethyst

珊瑚:              coral

玛瑙:              agate

琥珀:              amber

水晶玻璃:     crystal glass

钻石:              diamond

金条 :            gold bar

黄金:              gold

赤金:              genuine gold

K金:               karat

饰金:              ornamental gold

镀金:              plating

包金:              gold filled

白金:              platinum

银饰:              silver ornament

纯银:              sterling silver

石英:              quartz

琉璃:              lapis lazuli

珐琅:              enamel

景泰蓝:         cloisonné

 

七. 身上配件

首饰:              jewellery

项链:              necklace

手镯:              bracelet

耳坠子:         eardrop

耳环:              earring

戒指:              ring

足饰:              anklet

披风:              dress smock

披肩:              shawl

拉链:              zipper

袖扣:              cuff buttons; cuff-links

钮扣:              button

别针:              tie tack

胸针:              brooch

胸花:              bouquet

围巾:              scarf

领巾:              neckerchief

领带:              necktie

手帕:              handkerchief

手套:              glove

手杖:              stick

领结:              bow tie

领带夹:         tie bar

手表:              watch

皮带:              belt

眼镜:              glasses

钥匙链:         key chain

帽:                   hat; cap

草帽:              straw hat

雨帽:              rain cap

军帽:              military cap

鸭舌帽:         hunting cap

牛仔帽:         cowboy hat

船形帽:         garrison cap

乌沙帽:         black gauze cap

学士方帽:     square college cap; mortarboard

钢盔:              steel helmet

头盔:              helmet; casque

皇冠:              crown

斗笠:              bamboo spilt hat

 

八. 颜色

黑色:              black

白色:              white

红色:              red

金色:              golden

茶色:              maroon

暗红色:         dark red; scarlet

粉红色:         pink

黄色:              yellow

浅黄色:         buff

乳黄色:         cream

黄褐色:         tan

深褐色:         sepia

灰棕色:         beige

肉色:              flesh

土色:              dirt brown

橙色:              orange

黄绿色:         yellow-green

绿色:              green

蓝色:              blue

紫色:              purple

灰色:              gray

浅蓝色:         light blue

靛色:              indigo

琥珀色:         amber

透明:              transparent

不透明:         opaque

 

动物

  • 人类头部

头:                      head

头发:              hair

头皮:              scalp

太阳穴:         temple

前额:              forehead

下颔:              chin

酒窝:              dimple

眉毛:              eyebrow

睫毛:              eyelashes

眼睛:              eye

眼眶:              orbital cavity

眼球:              eyeball

白眼球;眼白:white of the eye

瞳孔:              pupil

虹彩:                 iris

结膜:              conjunctiva

角膜:              cornea

鼻:                   nose

鼻孔:              nostril

耳朵:              ear

耳垂:              ear lobe

耳膜:              ear drum

嘴:                   mouth

嘴唇:              lip

口腔:              oral cavity

牙齿:              tooth

门牙:              front tooth; incisors

舌头:              tongue

颚:                   jaw

发角:              sideburns

胡须:              beard

髯:                   whiskers

髭:                   mustache

面颊:              cheek

 

二.人类躯干

颈:                   neck

肩:                   shoulder

手臂:              arm

肘:                   elbow

手腕:              wrist

手:                   hand

手掌:              palm

手指:              finger

拇指:              thumb

食指:              forefinger; index-finger

中指:              middle finger

无名指:         ring finger

小指:              little finger

指甲:              finger-nail

拳头:              fist

胸:                   chest

乳房:              breast

腰:                   waist

腹:                   abdomen; belly

臀部:              hips; buttocks

大腿:              thigh

小腿:              lower leg; shin

膝盖:              knee cap; patella

膝:                   knee

脚:                   foot

脚跟:              heel

脚趾:              toe

大趾:              hallux toe; big toe

中趾:              middle toe

二趾:              second toe

无名趾:         nameless toe; fourth toe

小趾:              little toe

 

  • 体内器官

大脑:              cerebrum

小脑:              cerebellum

支气管:         bronchus

声带:              vocal cords

食道:              esophagus; gullet

心:                   heart

肝:                   liver

肺:                   lung

胃:                   stomach

胆曩:              gall bladder

肾:                   kidney

胰脏:              pancreas

脾脏:              spleen

大肠:              large intestine

小肠:              small intestine

直肠:              rectum

盲肠:              appendix

尿道:              urethra

膀胱:              bladder

生殖器:         genitals

肛门:              anus

动脉:              artery

静脉:              vein

神经:              nerve

 

  • 骨骼及肌肉

头盖骨:         skull

颊骨:              malar

前额骨:         forehead; frontal bone

上颚骨:         upper jaw; maxilla

下颚骨:         mandible

胸骨:              sternum

锁骨:              clavicle

肋骨:              rib

坐骨:              ischium

尺骨:              ulna

手指骨:         finger bone; phalanges

股骨:              femur

膝盖骨:         patella

斜方肌:         trapezius

三角肌:         deltoid muscle

胸肌:              pectoral muscle

大腿直肌:     rectus

大腿薄肌:     gracilis

 

  • 食用家禽

家禽:              poutry

鸭:                   duck

水鸭:              garganey

野鸭:              mallard

北平鸭:         peking duck

公鸡:              cock; rooster

母鸡:              hen

小鸡:              chicken

乌骨鸡:         silky fowl

竹鸡:              bamboo pheasant

火鸡:              turkey

鹅:                   goose

乳鸽:              young pigeon

 

  • 家畜

家畜:              livestock

马:                   horse

斑马:              zebra

小马:              pony

千里马:         swift horse

牛:                   cattle

公牛:              ox; bull

母牛:              cow

小牛:              calf

牦牛:              yak

乳牛:              dairy cattle

水牛:              buffalo

公羊:              ram

母羊:              ewe

小羊:              lamb

小羔羊:         hogget

羚羊:              chamois; antelope

山羊:              goat

绵羊:              sheep

狗:                   dog

狮子狗:         shin-tze

看羊狗:         collie

狼狗:              wolfdog

英牧羊犬:     English sheep dog

哈巴狗:         Pekingese

玩狗 :            pet dog

小狗:              puppy doggie

侦探狗:         bloodhound

北京狗:         Pekingese

拉萨狗:         lhasa apso

杜宾狗:         Doberman pinscher

腊肠狗:         dachshund

疯狗:              mad dog

猛狗:              terrier

猫::                 cat

小猫:              kitten; kitty

野猫:              serval

波斯猫:         Persian cat

暹逻猫:         Siamese cat

兔:                   rabbit

猪:                   pig

乳猪:              porker

骡:                   mule

驴:                   ass; donkey

 

  • 飞禽

凤凰:              phoenix

鹤:                   crane

红鹤:              flamingo

白鹤:              stork

白鹭:              egret

鹭鹚:              cormorant

白头翁:         starling

莺:                   greenfinch

黄莺:              chaffinch

猎鹰:              falcon

凫:                   mallard

鹏:                   roc

雕:                   vulture

鹰:                   eagle; hawk

海鹰:              sea-eagle

秃鹰:              buzzard

猫头鹰:         owl

画眉:              thrush

十姐妹:         bongalce

八哥:              cowbird

乌鸦:              crow

知更鸟:         robin

啄木鸟:         woodpecker

布谷鸟:         cuckoo

候鸟:              migratory bird

鸽:                   pigeon; dove

沙鸥:              gull

海鸥:              seagull

雁:                   wild goose

燕子:              swallow

麻雀:              sparrow

金丝雀:         canary

斑鸠:              turtle-dove

水鸟:              water-fowl

雉:                   pheasant

鹫:                   condor

鸵鸟:              ostrich

雄孔雀:         peacock

比翼鸟:         inseparable king bird

鸳鸯:              mandarin duck

鳶:                   kite

云雀、白灵鸟:skylark

鹦鹉:              parrot

鹧鸪:              francolin

鹊:                   magpie

喜鹊:              pied magpie

天鹅:              swan

企鹅:              penguin

 

  • 走兽

老虎:              tiger

狮子:              lion

豹:                   leopard; jaguar

象:                   elephant

熊:                   bear

狗熊:              black bear

北极熊:         polar bear

浣熊:              raccoon

无尾熊:         koala bear

狐狸:              fox

骆驼:              camel

猴 子:            monkey

狝猴:              rhesus monkey

狒狒:              baboon; mandrill

大猩猩:         gorilla

犀牛:              rhinoceros

河马:              hippopotamus

鹿:                   deer

麋鹿                   elk; pronghorn

长颈鹿:         giraffe

梅花鹿:         spotted deer

豺:                   jackal

狼:                   wolf

黄鼠狼:         weasel

松鼠:              rat; mouse

羌:                   muntjac

龙:                   dragon

恐龙:              dinosaur

麒麟:              unicorn

貂:                   mink

黑貂:              sable

臭鼬:              skunk

貘:                   tapir

食蚁兽:         anteater

鼠:                   mouse

田鼠:              mole

袋鼠:              kangaroo

天竺鼠:         guinea pig

獾:                   badger; brock

蝙蝠:              bat

狸猫:              palm civet

熊猫:              panda

箭猪:              porcupine

 

  • 昆虫

昆虫:              insect

蚊子:              mosquito

灯蛾:              moth

蚋:                   gnat

疟蚊:              anopheles

蜜峰:              bee

黄蜂:              wasp

螳螂:              mantis

蟑螂:              cockroach

蝴蝶:              butterfly

蜻蜓:              dragonfly

蚱蜢:              grasshopper

蟋蟀:              cricket

蜗牛:              snail

蝉:                   cicada; locust

萤火虫:         fire-fly

蜈蚣:              centipede

蝎子:              scorpion

蜘蛛:              spider

蚕:                   silkworm

苍蝇:              fly

瓢虫:              ladybug; ladybird

金龟子:         tumble bug

蛔虫:              ascarid

寄生虫:         parasite

蛀虫:              worm

蝗虫:              locust

蚯蚓:              earthworm

蚂蚁:              ant

白蚁:              termite

臭虫:              bedbug

毛虫:              caterpillar

跳蚤:              flea

虱子:              louse

 

  • 水中生物

水蚤:              water flea

水母; 海蜇: jelly-fish

贝类:              conch

海苔:              laver

蟾蜍:              toad

田鸡:              frog

龟:                   tortoise; turtle

鱼:                   fish

鳗鱼:              water eel

鲤鱼:              carp

虱目鱼:         milkfish

鲑鱼:              salmon

鳟鱼:              trout

鲈鱼:              perch

鲳鱼:              pomfret

鲔鱼:              tuna

鲫鱼:              silver carp

带鱼:              hair-tail fish

红尼罗鱼:     tilapia nelotica red

秋刀鱼:         mackerel pike

鲷:                   bream

海鳗:              conger

泥鳅:              loach

章鱼:              octopus

旗鱼:              swordfish

乌鱼子:         mullet roe

鲍鱼:              abalone

甲鱼:              snapping turtle

墨鱼:              cuttlefish

乌( ):               squid

鳝鱼:              eel

螃蟹:              crab

毛蟹:              mitten crab

小虾:              shrip

蚝:                   oyster

蛤蛎:              clam

响螺:              murex

海胆:              sea-urchin

河豚:              globefish

海豚:              dolphin

鲸鱼:              whale

鲨鱼:              shark

海豹:              seal

海象:              walrus

海狸:              beaver

海狗:              wig

海獭:              sea otter

鳄鱼:              crocodile; alligator

石斑:              garoupa

金鱼:              goldfish

热带鱼:         tropic fish

孔雀鱼:         guppy

蝌蚪:              tadpole

 

  • 爬虫

蜥蜴:              lizard

巨蟒:              boa-constrictor

蟒蛇:              python

蛇:                   snake

锦蛇:              python

响尾蛇:         rattlesnake; sidewinder

百步蛇:         agkistrodon; 100-pacer snake

眼镜蛇:         cobra

壁虎:              house lizard

 

植物

向日葵:         sunflower

紫丁香:         lilac

康乃馨:        carnation

圣诞红:         poinsettia

郁金香:         tulip

梅花:              plum blossom

剑兰:              gladiolus

兰花、胡姬花:orchid

紫罗兰:         violet

蝴蝶兰:         phalaenopsis

腊梅:              calyx canthus

水仙:              daffodil

牡丹:              peony

茶花:              camellia

桃花:              peach blossom

夜来香:         tuberose/evening primrose

玉兰:              magnolia

杜鹃花:         azalea

喇叭花:         petunia

牵牛花:         morning glory

琼花:              rare flower

昙花:              canna

菊花:              chrysanthemum

雏菊:              daisy

德国矢车菊:         bluebottle

樱花:                       cherry blossom

玫瑰、蔷薇:         rose

百合花:                   lily

荷花:                       water lily

莲花:                       lotus

睡莲:                       pond lily

芙蓉:                       hibiscus

海棠:                       cherry apple tree

状元红:                   mirabilis

风信子:                   hyacinth

夹竹桃:                   oleander

茉莉:                       jasmin

罂粟:                       poppy

月桂:                       daphne

小杨柳:                   pussy willow

苏格兰蓟:              thistle

西班牙石榴:         pomegranate

蒲公英:                   dandelion

盆兰:                       potted orchid

 

二. 草及植物

芒草:                       arundo

仙人掌:                   cactus

含羞草:                   mimosa

青草:                       green grass

酢浆草:                   shamrock

芦苇:                       reed

茅草:                        couch grass

凤尾草:                   fern

灯心草:                   rush

麝香草:                   thyme

艾草:                       moxa

长春藤:                   ivy

苜蓿:                       clover blossom

草皮:                       turf

枫叶:                       sugar maple

竹:                            bamboo

盆景:                       miniature garden

 

三. 树木

椰子树:                   coconut tree

檀香木:                   sandlewood

胡桃木:                   walnut

柏树:                       cypress tree

榕树:                       banyan

橡树:                       oak

菩提树:                   linden

杨柳:                       willow

梧桐:                       firmiana

松树:                       pine

棕榈:                       palm

杉树:                       fir

白杨:                       abele

桑树:                       mulberry

槐树:                       pagoda tree

樟树:                       camphor tree

榆树:                       elm tree

桦树:                       birch

红棉:                       kapok

针叶树:                   conifer

漆树:                       varnish tree

相思树:                   acacia

菖蒲:                       flag

凤凰木:                   flamboyant

灌木:                       shrub

乔木:                       stately tree

沉香木:                   garoo wood

黑檀:                       ebony

柚木:                       teak wood

柳安:                       lauan

红木:                       mahogany

 

四. 农作物

芝麻:                       sesame

红豆:                       small red bean

绿豆:                       mung bean

黄豆:                       soybean

番薯:                       sweet potato

糙米:                       coarse rice; unpolished rice

糯米:                       glue rice; sweet rice

小麦:                       wheat

大麦:                       barley

燕麦:                       oat

麦芽:                       malt

玉蜀黍:                   maize

粟:                            millet

高梁:                       kaoliang

棉花:                       cotton

五谷:                       cereals

糠:                            chaff; bran

 

学校

  1. 学校称谓

创办人:                   founder

院长:                       rector; dean

教务长:                   academic dean

训导长:                   dean of students

系主任:                   department head

教授:                       professor

副教授:                   associate professor

讲师:                       lecturer

助教:                       assistant

教官:                       drill master

研究生:                   research fellow

中学校长:              principal

小学校长:              master

总务主任:              chief of general affairs

教员:                       teacher

级任老师:              class teacher

代课老师:              substitute

糼稚园校长:         director

校工:                       janitor

糼稚园:                   kindergarten

小学:                       primary school

国中;初中:         junior high school

高中:                       high school

大学:                       university

学院:                       college

研究所:                   graduate school

书院:                       academy

师范学校:              normal school; state-run school

专科学校:              technological academy

职业学校:              vocational school

系:                            department

图书馆:                   library

体育馆:                   gymnasium

教室:                       classroom

布告栏:                   bulletin board

社团活动中心:     clubhouse

 

  1. 纸张与书籍

复写纸:                   carbon paper

包装纸:                   wrapping paper

圣经纸:                   bible paper

牛皮纸:                   kraft paper

宣纸:                       motto paper

棉纸:                       cotton paper

晒图纸:                   blue printing paper

玻璃纸:                   cellophane paper

蜡纸:                       waxed paper

瓦楞纸:                   corrugated paper

硬卡纸:                   hard board

卡纸板:                   card

三字经:                   three character primer

论语:                       the analects of Confucius

红楼梦:         dream of the red chamber(哈哈)

金瓶梅:         the golden lotus(哈哈)

参考书:                   reference book

教科书:                   textbook

文选:                       anthology

常识:                       common sense

算术:                       arithmetic

三民主义:              three principles of the people

体育:                       gymnastics

历史:                       history

地理:                       geography

稗史:                       legend

传记:                       geography

物理:                       physics

化学:                       chemistry

数学:                       mathematics

代数学:                   algebra

几何:                       geometry

微积分学:              calculus

力学:                       dynamics

工艺:                       technology

美学:                       aesthetics

雕刻:                       sculpture

辞典:                       dictionary

百科辞典:              cyclopaedia

百科全书:              encyclopaedia; encyclopedia

四库全书:     imperial collection of four divisions

画报:                       pictorial magazine

杂志:                       magazine

  1. 教室

黑板:                       blackboard

粉笔:                       chalk

板擦:                       eraser

桌子:                       desk

椅子:                       chair

讲桌:                       platform

地图:                       map

笔记簿:                   notebook

活页笔记本:         loose-leaf notebook

课程表:                   class-schedule

分度器:                   protractor

教鞭:                       pointer

座位:                       seat

 

  1. 实验室

实验仪器:              laboratory apparatus

酒精灯:                   alcohol lamp

本生灯:                   gas burner; Bunsen burner

试管:                       test-tube

吸量管:                   pipet

点滴管:                   squirt

煤气管:                   gas tube

烧杯:                       beaker

平底烧杯:              boiling flask

试药瓶:                   reagent bottle

架子:                       stand; foot

三脚架:                   tripod

温度计:                   thermometer

天秤:                       balance

砝码:                       weight

计量筒:                   cylinder

蒸发皿:                   evaporating dish

石蕊纸:                   litmus paper

显微镜:                   microscope

放大镜:                   magnifying glass

实验台:                   bench

方格纸:                   section paper

化学式:                   chemical formula

元素:                       element

 

  1. 数学

直线:                       straight line

抛物线:                   parabola

加法:                       addition

减法:                       subtraction

乘法:                       multiplication

除法:                       division

微分:                       differential

积分:                       integration

微积分学:              calculus

心算:                       mental arithmetic

小数点:                   decimal point

方程式:                   equation

分数:                       fraction

百分比:                   percentage

比率:                       ratio; proportion

根号:                       root

倍数:                       multiple

 

  1. 图形

半圆形:                   semicircle

椭圆形:                   ellipse

球形:                       sphere

圆形:                       circle

扇形:                       fan shape

梯形:                       trapezoid

菱形:                       lozenge; rhombus

正方形:                   square

长方形:                   oblong; rectangle

多角形:                   polygon

平行四边形:         parallelogram

正六角形:              hexagon

正五边形:              pentagon

直角三角形:         right-angle triangle

等边三角形:         equilateral triangle

双曲线:                   hyperbola

对角线:                   diagonal;

圆角:                       circumference

半径:                       radius

直径:                       diameter

弧:                            arc

弦:                            chord

直角:                       right-angle

立方体:                   cube

圆柱:                       cylinder

四角柱:                   quadratic prism

三角柱:                   triangular prism

  1. 学术用语

学期:                       term; semester

春假:                       spring vacation

暑假:                       summer vacation

寒假:                       winter vacation

学位:                       degree

博士:                       doctor

硕士:                       master

学士:                       bachelor

留学生:                   abroad student

大一、新生:         freshman

大二:                       sophomore

大三:                       junior

大四:                       senior

校花:                       school beauty

毕业生:                   graduate

家庭作业:              homework

补习:                       tutor

平时测验:              quiz

期中考:                   mid-term examination

期末考:                   semester test

入学考试:              entrance examination

背书:                       recitation

上课:                       attend class

逃课:                       skip classes

点名:                       roll call

请假:                       ask leave

病假:                       sick leave

事假:                       private affaire leave

假日:                       vacation; holiday

宿舍:                       dormitory

 

  1. 文具

萤光笔:                   nite writer pen

自来墨水笔:         fountain pen

钢笔:                       pen

签字笔:                   sign pen

自动铅笔:              mechanical pencil

铅笔:                       pencil

免削铅笔:              non-sharpening pencil

蜡笔:                       crayon

粉彩笔:                   pastel

毛笔:                       brush pen

画笔:                       paint brush

笔筒:                       pen case

砚台:                       ink stone

修正液:                   correction fluid

橡皮:                       rubber eraser

尺:                            ruler

削笔机:                   pencil sharpener

削笔刀:                   pen-knife

胶水:                       mucilage; glue

浆糊:                       paste

大头针:                   pin

回纹针:                   gem clip

图钉:                       thumb tack

打孔机:                   puncher

钉书机:                   stapler

钉书针:                   staple

号码机:                   numbering machine

图章:                       chop; seal; stamp

名片簿:                   name-card holder

活页簿:                   loose-leaf book

笔记簿:                   exercise book; note book

剪贴簿:                   scrap book

书签:                       book mark

信纸:                       writing paper

信封:                       envelope

圆规:                       compass

地球仪:                   globe

 

  1. 标点符号

句号:                       full stop

逗号:                       comma

分号:                       semicolon

冒号:                       colon

问号:              question mark; interrogation mark

星号:                       asterisk

感叹号:                   exclamation mark

连字号:                   hyphen

破折号:                   dash

双引号:                   double quotation marks

单引号:                   single quotation marks

括号:                       parenthesis

大括弧:                   braces

方括号:                   square brackets

省略号:                   ellipsis

上标号:                   apostrophe

虚线:                       broken line

斜线:                       slash

 

艺术

  • 乐器

鼓:                            drum

铙钹:                       cymbals

锣:                            gong

双簧管:                   oboe

箫:                            pipes

琵琶:                       lute

古筝:                       zither

三角器:                   triangle

七弦琴:                   lyre

月琴:                       moon guitar

小提琴:                   violin

中提琴:                   viola

大提琴:                   cello

低音大提琴:         bass fiddle; double bass

风琴:                       organ

钢琴:                       piano

电脑钢琴:              pianocorder

木琴:                       xylophone

胡琴:                       fiddle

口风琴:                   pianica

手风琴:                   accordion

口琴:                       mouth organ; harmonica

竖琴:                       harp

长笛:                       flute

短横笛:                   piccolo

风笛:                       bagpipe

萨克斯风:              saxophone

英国管:                   English horn

低音大喇叭:         tuba

法国号角:              French horn

军用喇叭:              bugle

爵士喇叭:              Jazz trumpet

小鼓:                       snare drum; side drum

大鼓:                       bass drum

扁小铃鼓:              tambourine

伸缩喇叭:              trombone

小喇叭:                   trumpet

吉他:                       guitar

电吉他:                   electric guitar

电子琴:                   electone

 

二、 音乐

管弦乐团:              orchestra

交响乐团:              symphony orchestra

和音:                       chord

独奏:                       solo

伴奏:                       accompany

配乐:                       background music

合唱:                       chorus

二重奏:                   duet

三重奏:                   trio

男歌手:                   songster

女歌手:                   songstress

低音:                       bass

音符:                       note

长音符:                   longa

休止符:                   rest

升号:                       sharp

降号:                       flat

五线谱:                   staff

简谱:                       numerical note

走音:                       detonieren

和声:                       harmony

起音:                       attack

音色:                       timbre

音质:                       tonality

音量:                       volume

音调:                       tone

音节:                       syllable

指挥:                       conductor

作曲家:                   composer

作词者:                   lyric writer

音乐家:                   musician

演奏家:                   concert performer

管乐队:                   brass band

弦乐队:                   string orchestra

音阶:                       scales

拍子:                       tempo

小调;山歌:         ditty

爱国歌曲:              patriotic song

国歌:                       national anthem

催眠曲:                   lullaby

小夜曲:                   serenade

狂想曲:                   rhapsody

行军曲:                   marching song

艺术歌曲:              art song

结婚进行曲:         wedding March

乡村音乐:              country music

黑人乐:                   soul music

摇摆乐:                   swing music

拉丁乐:                   Latin

声乐:                       vocal music

军乐:                       martial music

音乐会:                   concert

演唱会:                   vocal concert

鼓掌:                       applause

再演一次:              encore

贝多芬:                   Beethoven

莫札特:                   Mozart

萧邦:                       Chopin

巴哈:                       Bach

舒伯特:                   Schubert

柴可夫斯基:         Tschaikovsky

 

三、 舞蹈

土风舞:                   folk dance

芭蕾舞:                   ballet

交际舞:                   social dance

布罗斯:                   blues

狐步:                       fox-trot

华尔兹:                   waltz

恰恰:                       cha-cha

伦巴:                       rumba

控戈:                       tango

森巴:                       samba

扭扭舞:                   twist

灵魂舞:                   soul dance

山地舞:                   tribal dance; aboriginal dance

民族舞:                   folk dance

草裙舞:                   hula-hula

肚皮舞:                   belly dance

大腿舞:                   burlesque

脱衣舞:                   striptease

茶舞:                       tea dance

晚舞:                       night dance

舞女:                       dancing girl

舞男:                       gigolo

化装舞会:              masquerade

舞会:                       dancing party

慈善舞会:              charity dance

云门舞集:              cloud gate dance o ensemble

 

四、 美术

绘画:                       painting

画架:                       drawing easel

画笔:                       brush

图画板:                   drawing board panel

写生盒:                   sketch box

书法:                       calligraphy

草书:                       cursive hand

楷书:                       text hand

象形文字:              photograph

简体字:                   simplified character

连环漫画:              comic strips

速描;素描:         sketch

国画:                       Chinese painting

油画:                       oil painting

风景画:                   landscape

水彩画:                   watercolor painting

画布:                       canvas

人像:                       portrait

石膏像:                   plaster model

粘土:                       clay

调色盘:                   palette

颜料:                       pigment

画室:                       studio

 

五、 雕刻

雕刻用具:              sculpting tools

雕刻家:                   sculptor

古董:                       antique

展览会:                   exhibition

凿子:                       chisel

平凿:                       flat chisel

圆刀:                       scoop

凿刀:                       gouge

剪刀:                       scissors

铣刀:                       milling tool

木槌:                       mallet

刨子:                       plane

钻子:                       drill

夹子:                       cramp

钳子:                       tongs

老虎钳:                   vice

石板印刷:              lithography

凹刻:                       intaglio

蚀刻:                       etching

 

六、 戏剧

话剧:                       spoken drama

粤剧:                       Cantonese opera

平剧:                       Peking opera

歌剧:                       opera

歌舞剧:                   musical drama

悲剧:                       tragedy; tearjerker

喜剧:                       comedy

傀儡戏:                   marionettes

哑戏:                       pantomime

木偶:                       puppet show

主角:                       leading actor

配角:                       supporting actor

名伶:                       famous actor

小生:                       personated young man

武生:                       cavalier

老生:                       personated old man

花旦:              representative of female characters

老旦:              personated old woman

刀马旦:         female warrior representative

青衣:              representative of chaste characters

花脸:                       paint face

小丑:                       clown; zany

谐角:                       comedian

跑龙套:                   a bit-actor

彩排:                       dress rehearsal

预演:                       walk through

听众:                       audience

 

七、 杂耍

杂耍;杂技:         vaudeville

特技:                       stunt show; acrobatics

京韵大鼓:              popular northern epical work

相声;口技:         mimic

说书:                       story-telling

绕口令:                   tongue twister

魔术:                       magic

催眠术:                   hypnotic

马戏:                       circus

走钢丝:         wire-walking; tight rope walking

吐火:                       fire spitting

吞剑:                       sword swallowing

飞刀表演:              flying knives

单车绝技:              trick cyclist

叠罗汉:                   pyramid building

耍盘子:                   juggle plates

耍坛子:                   urn jugglers

耍钢叉:                   play steel fork

睡钉板:                   lying on nails board

汽车过身:              motor car over body

斗鸡:                       cock fight

 

医药

  • 诊疗类名称

医院:                       hospital

综合医院:              general hospital

卫生所:                   health center

疗养院:                   sanitarium

急救站:                   first-aid station

门诊部:                   outpatient department

候诊室:                   waiting room

疹疗室:                   therapeutic room

挂号:                       register

门诊:                       outpatient service

急诊:                       emergency call

诊疗时间:              consultation hours

普通病房:              public ward

加护病房:              intensive-care unit

住院:                       hospitalization

出院:                       discharge patient

一般内科:              general medicine

心脏内科:              cardiology

外科:                       surgery

小儿科:                   pediatrics
皮肤科:                   dermatology

泌尿科:                   urology

妇产科:         obstetrics & gynaecology; maternity

老人病科:              geriatrics

检验科:                   clinical laboratory

骨科:                       orthopedics

神经科:                   neurology

精神病科:              psychiatry

整形外科:              plastic surgery

牙科:                       dentistry

眼科:                       ophthalmology

耳鼻喉科:              otolaryngology

听力检验科:         audiometry

体格检查:              physical examination

家庭医生:              family doctor

合格医生:              qualified physician

兽医:                       veterinarian

中医:                       herbalist doctor

护士长:                   matron; head nurse

药剂师:                   druggist; pharmaceutist

打针:                       shot; injection

诊所:                       treatment

体质:                       physique

病因:                       etiology

并发症:                   complication

恶化:                       deterioration

营养不良:              malnutrition

呕吐:                       throw up; vomit up

食物中毒:              food poisoning

传染性的:              contagious

精神治疗:              mind healing

抗体:                       antibody

预防:                       prophylaxis

免疫:                       immunization

X光治疗:               X-Ray therapy

X光照片:               roentgenogram

器官银行:              organ bank

太平间:                   mortuary; morgue

病历:                       case history

病历表:                   chart

处方笺:                   recipe; prescription

药量:                       dosage

诊断证明书:         certificate of diagnosis

出生证明书:         certificate of birth

死亡证明书:         certificate of death

健康证明书:         health certificate

输血:                       blood transfusion

人工呼吸:              artificial respiration

控病:                       sick call

谢绝会客:              no visitors

禁食:                       fast

 

二. 病症

血癌:                       leukemia

支气管癌:              bronchogenic carcinoma

胃癌:                       gastric carcinoma

肝癌:                       hepatocele

乳癌:                       breast cancer

皮肤癌:                   skin cancer

子宫颈癌:              cervical cancer

全身发烧:              generalized fever

高热:                       congestive fever

热渐退:                   lysis

功能不佳:              malfunction

中毒:                       poisoning

发痒:                       itching

麻感:                       numb

中暑:                       heat stroke

急性:                       acute

慢性:                       chronic

先天性:                   congenital

出汗:                       perspiration

发冷:                       rigor

呕心:                       nausea

同性恋:                   homosexuality

自杀:                       suicide

抽筋:                       cramp

擦破:                       abrasion

打伤:                       contuse

烧伤:                       burn wound

刀伤:                       stab wound

骨折:                       fracture

骨刺:                        spurs

耳鸣:                       tinnitus

耳塞:                       aurula

重听:                       hard hearing

耳聋:                       deafness

眼疾:                       blear

水肿眼:                   hydrophthalmos

沙眼:                       trachoma

结膜炎:                   conjunctivitis

眼角膜:                      corneas

角膜炎:                   keratitis

色盲:                       color blindness

近视:                       myopia; near-sightedness

远视:                       hyperopia

散光:                       astigmatism

白内障:                   cataract

青光眼:                   glaucoma

口吃:                       stammer; stutter

牙痛:                       kentalgia; toothache

牙周痛:                   periodontic

蛀牙:                       cariess

鼻炎:                       rhinitis

窒息:                       suffocation

流行感冒:              influenza; flu

咳嗽:                       cough

哑声:                       roupy

扁桃腺炎:              tonsillitis

食管炎:                   esophagitis

气管炎:                   tracheitis

支气管炎:              bronchitis

肺炎:                       pneumonia

气喘:                       gasp

肺结核:                   tuberculosis; TB

呕血:                       hematemesis

肺水肿:                   edema pulmonary

肺梗塞:                   pulmonary impaction

心脏病:                   cardiac affection; heart disease

心痛:                       heartburn; vexation

心肌梗塞:              myocardial impaction

心绞痛狭心症:     angina pectoris

心律不正:              arrhythmia of cordis

中风:                       apoplexy

动脉出血:              arterial bleeding

贫血:                       anemia

淋巴腺炎:              lymphadenitis

脑出血:                   cerebral hemorrhage

消化不良:              dyspepsia; indigestion

胃酸过多:              sour stomach

胃痛:                       stomach-ache

急性胃炎:              acute gastritis

慢性胃炎:              chronic gastritis

胃溃疡:                   gastric ulcer

胃痉挛:                   stomach convulsion

胃穿孔:                   gastric perforation

胃下垂:                   gastroptosis

胃出血:                   gastrorhagia

十二指肠炎:         duodenitis

痔疮:                       hemorrhoids; piles

疝气:                       hernia; rupture

肝硬化:                   cirrhosis

皮肤炎:                   dermatitis

脱发症:                   psilosis

脂肪瘤:                   fatty tumor

狐臭:                       armpits odor

水痘:                       varicella; chicken pox

痱子:                       prickly heat

癣:                            tinea

湿疹:                       eczema

水肿:                       edema; dropsy

肾结石:                   renal calculus

小便失禁:              gatism

粮尿病:                   diabetes

尿毒症:                   uremia

膀胱结石:     vesical calculus; xanthic calculus

阳萎:                       impotence

花柳病:                   venereal diseases; V.D

梅毒:                       syphilis; lues

关节炎:                   arthritis

风湿:                       rheumatism

软骨炎:                   chondritis

传染病:                   pestilence; infectious disease

瘟疫:                       plague

天花:                       smallpox

麻疹:                       measles

登革热:                   dengue fever

白喉:                       diphtheria

百日咳:                   pertussis; whooping cough

疟疾:                       malaria

伤寒:                       typhoid

霍乱:                       cholera

中暑:                       sunstroke

破伤风:                   tetanus; lockjaw

小儿麻痹:              poliomyelitis

寄生虫病:              parasitism

甲状腺肿:              goiter

肥胖症:                   adiposity

腮腺炎:                   mumps

月经失常:              menstrual aberration

白带:                       leucorrhea

痛经:                       dysmenorrhea

不孕症:                   infertility

子宫外孕:              extrauterine pregnancy

神经衰弱:              neurasthenia

精神分裂症:         schizophrenia

自闭症:                   autism

偏头痛:                   migraine

歇斯底里:              aysteria

发疯:                       delirium

脑震荡:                   concussion

晕船病:                   sea-sick

晕车病:                   car-sick

健忘症:                   amnesia

相思病:                   erotomania

休克:                       shock

五十肩:                   frozen shoulder

 

三. 手术与医疗器材

整形手术:          Orthopedic operation

器官移植术:       Transplant Operation

剖腹手术:           Laparotomy

植皮术:              Skin Graft

割盲肠:              Cedectomy

男女结扎手术:    Sterilization

变性手术:           Sex Conversion

堕胎:                  Abortion

阉术:                  Emasculation

手术室:             Operation Room

输血:                  Blood transfusion

体湿计:              clinical thermometer

脉搏计:              sphygmomanometer

血压计:              blood-pressure meter

注射针:              hypodermic  needle

听诊器:              stethoscope

注射器:              syringe

助听器:              hearing aid

手术刀:              scalpel

刮骨刀:              xyster

棉花盅:              cotton holder

滴管:                  burette

药瓶:                  vial

纱布:                  gauze

冰袋:                  ice bag

轮椅:                  wheel chair

人体增高机:              body protractor

磅秤:                         scale

药臼:                         mortar

 

四. 中西药

草药:                                 herb

成药:                                 patent medicine

人参:                                 ginseng

熊胆:                                 bear’s gall

梅鹿鞭:                            penis cervi

灵芝:                                 gyrophora

珍珠粉:                            pearl powder

鹿茸:                                 velvet

甘草:                                 liquorice

肉桂:                                 cassia

万金油:                            tiger balm

糖衣剂:                            sugar coated

软膏:                                 salve; unguent

镇静剂:                            tranquilizer; sedative

兴奋剂:                            stimulant

强心剂:                  cardiotonic; heart stimulant

防腐剂:                            antiseptic

安眠药:                            sleeping pill

镇痛药:                            painkiller

特效药:                            specific

止咳药:                            cough mixture

避孕药:                            contraceptive

麻醉药:                            anaesthetic; narcotic

泻药:                                 cathartics

健胃散:                            stomachic powder; peptic

口服液:                            oralliquid

奎宁:                                 quinine

棉花棒:                            cottonbud; swab

杀菌海绵:                       sponge

消毒剂:                            disinfectant

洗涤剂:                            lotion

红药水:                            mercury-chrome liquid

紫药水:                            gentian violet liquid

碘酮:                                 lodoxyl

酒精:                                 alcohol

碘酒:                                 iodine

胶布:                                 adhesive tape

消毒纱布:                       sterile ganze

凡士林:                            petrolatum Vaseline

牛痘苗:                   smallpox vaccine

霍乱菌苗:              cholera vaccine

百日咳菌苗:         pertussis vaccine

卡介苗:                   bacillus calmette-guerin

安非他命:              amphetamine

砒霜:                       arsenic

钙片:                       calcium tablet

DDT:                   dichloro diphenyl trich loroethane

杀虫剂:                   pesticide; insecticide

 

五. 健康检查程序

身高:                     height

体重:                       weight

血压:                       blood pressure

皮肤:                       skin

体温:                       temperature

脉搏:                       pulse

呼吸:                       breath

生化分析:              biochemistry analysis

血糖:                       P.C. sugar

血液分析:              hematology

乙型肝炎抗系:     HBS-AG

血型:                       blood type

白血球分类:         W.B. C-Classification

尿及粪便检查:     urine and stool analysis

直肠检查:              proctological examination

胸部X光摄影:     chest X-ray

腹部X光摄影:     K.U.R. X-ray

视力眼压:     visual acuity; intraocular pressure

心电图:                   electrocardiogram

运动心电图:         tread mill

两阶梯运动试验: master’s test

听力检查:              audio acuity

肺功能:                   pulmonary function

耳鼻喉科检查:     E.N.T. examination

牙科检查:              dentistry examination

妇科检查:              gyn examination

红外线扫描检查: thermography

电脑问卷:              medical history questionnaire

医师总检查:         medical consultation

 

 

六. 医院收费名目

收费处:                   cashier

出院处:                   discharge

初诊挂号:              first visit registration

预约门诊:              appointment

急诊室费:              emergency room charges

住院费:                   room charges

膳费:                       board charges

药费:                       medicine charges

检验费:         laboratory examination charges

病理检查费: pathology examination charges

手术费:                   operation charges

注射费:                   injection charges

护理费:                   nursing care charges

救护车费:              ambulance charges

诊断证明书:         medical certificate

代收费用:              item collected for

特别护士费:         special nurses charges

接生费:                   delivery charges

会诊费:                   consultation charges

血费:                       blood transfusion charges

 

机构团体

  • 政府机构

中央机关:              central organs

总统府:                   presidential palace

司法部门:              judicial department

行政部门:              administrative department

立法机关:              legislative body

监察委员会:         control commission

外交部:                   ministry of foreign affairs

国防部:                   ministry of national defense

财政部:                   ministry of finance

海关:                       customs

经济部门:              economic department

交通部:                   ministry of communications

邮政局:                   post-office

电信局:                   telecommunication bureau

电力公司:              power company

天文台:                   observatory

警备司令部:         garrison headquarters

派出所:                   police substation

消防队:                   fire brigade

 

  • 其它

中央银行:              central bank

红十字会:              the red cross

中央情报局:         the central intelligence agency

 

宇宙

  • 太阳系

太阳:                       sun

地球:                       earth

月球:                       moon

流星:                       shooting star

恒星:                       fixed star

彗星:                       comet

卫星:                       satellite

金星:                       venus

木星:                       Jupiter

水星:                       mercury

火星:                       mars

土星:                       Saturn

海王星:                   Neptune

天王星:                   Uranus

冥王星:                   Pluto

宇宙:                       universe

银河系:                   milky Way; galaxy

黑洞:                       black hole

行星:                       planet

星座:                       constellation

北斗星:                  wain

月蚀:                       lunar eclipse

环蚀:                       annular eclipse

 

  • 地球

赤道:                       equator

地壳:                       earth crust

地震:                       earthquake

沙漠:                       desert

海洋:                       ocean

河流:                       river

山:                            mountain

火山:                       volcano

冰山:                       iceberg

冰河:                       glacier

温泉:                       hot spiring

钟乳石:                   stalactite

海嘨:                       seaquake

山崩:                       landslide

经度:                       longitude

纬线:                       latitude

子午线:                   prime meridian

地心引力:              centrifugal force

北极:                       north pole

南极:                       south pole

地核:                       core

南回归线:              tropic of Capricorn

北回归线:              tropic of cancer

海市蜃楼:              mirage

 

  • 太空

人造卫星:              satellite

太空船:                   spacecraft

太空人:                   astronaut; cosmonaut

飞弹:                       missile

飞碟:                       flying saucer

太空站:                   space station

太空衣:                   space suit

飞船:                       blimp

太空实验室 :       space lab

轨道:                       orbit

月面车:                   lunar rover

登月小艇:              lunar module

太空梭;穿梭机: space shutte

发射台:                   launching pad

 

  • 天气

气候:                       climate

气压:                       barometric pressure

气温:                       temperature

大雨:                       heavy rain

小雨:                       light rain; drizzle

毛毛雨:                   drizzle

阵雨:                       shower

雨季:                       rainy season

雨量:                       amount of rainfall

露:                            dew

雲:                            cloud

霜:                            frost

雾:                           fog

雹:                            hall

雪:                            snow

冰:                            ice

晚霞:                       sunset glow; setting sun

彩虹:                       rainbow

雪崩:                       avalanche

雷雨:                       thunder storm

风:                            wind

暴风:                       storm

暴风雪:                   snow storm

大风沙:                   sandstorm

龙卷风:                   tornado

台风:                       typhoon

飓风:                       hurricane

闪电:                       flash-lighting

旱灾:                       drought

洪水:                       flood

湿度:                       humidity

湿气:                       moisture

寒流:                       cold snap

冷锋:                       cold front

零度以下:              subzero

摄氏:                       Celsius

华氏:                       Fahrenheit

 

  • 地形与海流

山脉:                       mountain range

山谷:                       valley

峡谷:                       canyon

丘陵;小山:         hill

高原:                       plateau

盆地:                       basin

平原:                       plain

荒原:                       wold

峭壁:                       cliff

岛:                            island

湖:                            lake

溪:                            creek

喷泉:                       fountain

泉:                            spring

塘:                            pond

池:                            pool

井:                            well

堤:                            embank

坝:                            dam

堰:                            weir

水闸:                       sluice

水库:                       reservoir

三角洲:                   delta

绿洲:                       oasis

半岛:                       peninsula

海湾:                       bay

海峡:                       strait; channel

海岸:                       coast; shore

礁湖:                       lagoon

盐湖:                       salt lake

沼泽:                       swamp

沿岸沙洲:              barrier beach; spit

沟:                            trench

瀑布:                       waterfall

波浪:                       wave

运河:                       canal

珊瑚礁:                   atoll

赤道洋流:              equatorial current

墨西哥湾流:         Gulf stream

北大西洋洋流:     north atlantic drift

 

 

武器

  • 刀与剑

剑:                            sword

柄:                            hilt

短刀:                       knife

刺刀:                       bayonet

武士刀:                   samuri

匕首:                       dagger

镰刀:                       scythe

盔甲:                       armor

盾:                            shield

棍:                            waddy

铁棍:                       iron rod

三节棍:                   three jointed pike

戈:                            halberd

矛:                            spear; pike

长矛:                       lance

耙:                            harrow

锤:             Hammer

钩:                            hook

叉:                            fork

弩:                            large bow

弓:                            bow

箭:                            arrow

斧头:                       axe

红缨:                       red tassels

飞铊:                       sling

狼牙棒:                   mace

十字镐:                   mattock

十字弓:                   crossbow

 

  • 枪与弹

地雷:                       land mine

水雷:                       mine

催泪弹:                   tear gas

烟幕弹:                   smoke bomb
汽油弹:                   napalm

手榴弹:                   hand grenade

手枪:                       pistol

左轮手枪:              revolver

布朗宁手枪:         browning

卡宾枪:                   carbine

机关枪:                   machine-gun

自动步枪:              automatic rifle

冲锋枪:                   submachine-gun

信号枪:                   pyrotechnics pistol

散弹枪:                   shotgun

来福枪:                   rifle

子弹:                       cartridge

枪管:                       barrel

弹匣:                       clip

防毒面具:              gas mask

口径:                       gauge

 

  • 自动武器

榴弹炮:                   howitzer

加农砲;大砲:     cannon

迫击砲:                   trench mortar

高射砲:                   anti-aircraft gun

火箭砲:                   bazooka

砲弹:                       ammunition

战车:                       tank

舰队:                       fleet

旗舰:                       flagship

战舰:                       battle ship

航空母舰:              aircraft carrier

巡洋舰:                   cruiser

驱逐舰:                  destroyer

扫雷舰:                   mine sweeper

巡逻艇:                   patrol craft

潜水艇:                   submarine

登陆艇:                   landing boat

汽艇:                       motor junk

油轮:                       tanker

鱼雷快艇:              torpedo boat

鱼雷:                       torpedo

米格机:                   mig jet fighter

轰炸机:                   bomber

战斗机:                   fighter

教练机:                   training plane

直升机:                   helicopter

螺旋桨:                   propeller

巡弋飞弹:              cruise missile

拦截飞弹:              antiballistic missile

核子弹:                   nuclear bomb

原子弹:                   atomic bomb

氢弹:                       hydrogen bomb

火箭:                       rocket

雷达:                       radar

 

  • 军种与陆军军阶

元帅:                       general of the army

军官:                       office

将官:                       general office

连络官:                   liaison office

副官:                       aide

特级上将:              general of the armies

五星上将:              five-star general

上将:                       general

中将 :                     lieutenant general

少将:                       major general

准将:                       brigadier general

上校:                       colonel

中校:                       lieutenant colonel

少校:                       major

上尉:                       captain

中尉:                       lieutenant

少尉:                       second lieutenant

准尉:                       warrant officer

士官长:                   master sergeant

上士:                       sergeant

中士:                       staff sergeant

下士:                       corporal

一等兵:                   private first class

二等兵:                   private

宪兵:                       military police; gendarme

步兵:                       infantry

骑兵:                       cavalry

伞兵:                       paratrooper

砲兵:                       artillery

工兵:                       engineer troops

狙击兵:                   sniper

勤务兵:                   striker

炊事兵:                   cook

蛙人:                       frog man

联勤:                       combined service force

军士:                       petty officer

陆军:                       army

海军:                       navy

空军:                       air force

野战军:                   field army

预备军官:              reserve officer

预备士官:     reserve non-commissioned officer

后备军人:              reservist

退伍军人:              retired serviceman

军:                            army force

团:                            regiment

师:                            division

旅:                            brigade

营:                            battalion

连:                            company

排:                            platoon

班:                            squad

民团:                       local militia

入伍:                       enlist

士兵假:                   furlough; leave

逃兵:                       deserter

开不差:                   slope away; take French leave

官训:                       reformation training

软禁:                       house arrest

裁军:                       disarmament arms reduction

复员:                       demobilization

部属:                       deployment

动员:                       mobilization

动员令:                   mobilization order

军眷:                       dependents

军风纪:                   discipline

随军记者:              accredited correspondent

战争贩子:              warmonger

 

国名

  • 洲名与海洋

亚洲:                       Asia

东南亚:                   southeast Asia

欧洲:                       Europe

北欧:                       north Europe

南欧:                       south Europe

美洲:                       America

南美洲:                   south America

非洲:                       Africa

大洋洲:                   Oceania

南极洲:                   Antarctica

太平洋:                   the Pacific ocean

大西洋:                   the Atlantic ocean

印度洋:                   the Indian ocean

北冰洋:                   arctic ocean

地中海:                   Mediterranean sea

尼罗河:                   river Nile

长江:                       Yangtze river

黄河:                       yellow river

亚马逊河:              Amazon

 

  • 太平洋岛屿

澳洲:                       Australia

纽西兰:                   New Zealand

斐济:                       Fiji

东加:                       the kingdom of Tonga

所罗门群岛:         Solomon islands

巴布亚新几内亚:Papua New Guinea

 

  • 亚洲

中国:                       China

日本:                       Japan

马来西亚:              Malaysia

蒙古:                       Mongolia

中东:                       the middle east

以色列:                   Israel

北韩:                       north Korea

南韩:                       south Korea

科威特:                   Kuwait

印度尼西亚:         Indonesia

伊朗:                       Iran

伊拉克:                   Iraq

尼泊尔:                   Nepal

黎巴嫩:                   Lebanon

约旦:                       Jordan

阿富汗:                   Afghanistan

孟加拉:                   Bangladesh

不丹:                       Bhutan

文来:                       Brunei

缅甸:                       Burma

柬埔寨:                   Cambodia

塞浦路斯:              Cyprus

印度:                       India

叙利亚:                   Syria

泰国:                       Thailand

巴基斯坦:              Pakistan

菲律宾:                   Philippines

阿曼:                       Oman

土耳其:                   Turkey

沙特阿拉伯:         Saudi Arabia

也门:                       Yemen

新加坡:                   Singapore

斯里兰卡:              Sri Lanka

越南:                       Vietnam

 

  • 欧洲

英国:                       United Kingdom

俄罗斯:                   Russia

梵帝冈:                   Vatican city

南联盟共和国:     Fry

冰岛:                       Iceland

爱尔兰:                   Ireland

罗马尼亚:              Romania

阿尔巴尼亚:         Albania

匈牙利:                   Hungary

比利时:                   Belgium

西班牙:                   Spain

瑞典:                       Sweden

瑞士:                       Switzerland

希腊:                       Greece

波兰:                       Poland

葡萄牙:                   Portugal

奥地利:                   Austria

芬兰:                       Finland

法国:                       France

德国:                       Germany

意大利:                   Italy

保加利亚:              Bulgaria

捷克共和国:         Czech republic

丹麦:                       Denmark

荷兰:                       Netherlands; Holland

挪威:                       Norway

卢森堡:                   Luxembourg

摩纳哥:                   Monaco

马尔他:                   Malta

 

  • 美洲

阿根廷:                   Argentina

巴哈马:                   Bahamas

玻利维亚:              Bolivia

巴西:                       Brazil

加拿大:                   Canada

智利:                       Chile

哥伦比亚:              Colombia

古巴:                       Cuba

厄瓜多尔:              Ecuador

美国:                      United States; U.S.A

马拉圭:                   Uruguay

委内瑞拉:              Venezuela

萨尔瓦多:              EL Salvador

哥斯达尼加:         Costa Rica

瓜地马拉:              Guatemala

海地:                       Haiti

洪都拉斯:              Honduras

牙买加:                   Jamaica

墨西哥:                   Mexico

秘鲁:                       Peru

巴拿马:                   Panama

巴拉圭:                   Paraguay

尼加拉瓜:              Nicaragua

 

  • 非洲

安哥拉:                   Angola

乌干达:                   Uganda

突尼西亚:              Tunisia

塞内加尔:              Senegal

利比尼亚:              Liberia

史瓦济兰:              Swaziland

苏丹:                       Sudan

索马利亚:              Somalia

坦桑尼亚:              Tanzania

波札那:                   Botswana

埃及:                       Ggypt

赤道几内亚:         Equatorial Guinea

刚果:                       Congo

比宁:                       Benin

利比亚:                   Libya

马拉威:                   Malawi

马达加斯加:         Madagascar

摩洛哥:                   Morocco

莫桑比克:              Mozambique

奈及利亚:              Nigeria

象牙海岸:              Ivory Coast

赖索托:                   Lesotho

肯亚:                       Kenya

几内亚:                   Guinea

依索比亚:              Ethiopia

其它

  • 时间和季节

公元前:                           B.C

公元后:                            A.D.

世纪:                                 century

光年:                       light-year

上午:                       A.M.

下午:                       P.M.

年:                            year

月:                            month

日:                            day

时:                            hour

分:                            minute

秒:                            second

星期日:                   Sunday

星期一:                   Monday

星期二:                   Tuesday

星期三:                   Wednesday

星期四:                   Thursday

星期五:                   Friday

星期六:                   Saturday

春:                            spring

夏:                            summer

秋:                            autumn; fall

冬:                            Winter

一月:                       January

二月:                       February

三月:                       March

四月:                       April

五月:                       May

六月:                       June

七月:                       July

八月:                       August

九月:                       September

十月:                       October

十一月:                   November

十二月:                   December

 

  • 方向与时间描述

东:                            east

南:                            South

西:                            West

北:                            north

东南:                       southeast

西北:                       northwest

前:                            front

后:                            back

左:                            left

右:                            right

黎明:                       dawn

上午:                       morning

中午:                       noon

下午:                       afternoon

黄昏:                       evening; dusk

夜晚:                       night

半夜:                       midnight

日出:                      sunrise

日落:                       sunset

白天:                       daytime

晚上:                       nighttime

过去:                       past

现在:                       present

未来:                       future

 

  • 数字

一兆:                       one trillion

十亿:                       one billion

一百万:                   one million

一万:                       ten thousand

一千:                       one thousand

 

  • 节气

立春:                       spring begins

雨水:                       rain water

惊蛰:                       excited insects

春分:                       vernal equinox

清明:                       clear and bright

谷雨:                       grain rains

立夏:                       summer begins

小满:                       grain fills

芒种:                       grain in ear

夏至:                       summer solstice

小暑:                       slight heat

大暑:                       great heat

立秋:                       autumn begins

处暑:                       limit of heat

白露:                       white dew

秋分:                       autumn equinox

寒露:                       cold dew

霜降:                       hoar frost descends

立冬:                       winter begins

小雪:                       little snow

大雪:                       heavy snow

冬至:                       winter solstice

小寒:                       little cold

大寒:                       severe cold

 

  • 中外节日

除夕:                       New Year’s Eve

新年:                       near year

农历年:                   lunar new year

春节:                       spring festival

国定假日:              statutory holiday

元宵节:                   lantern festival dumplings

妇女节:                   women’s day

植树节:                   arbor day

清明节:                   tomb-sweeping festival

青年节:                   youth day

愚人节:                   April fool’s day

儿童节:                   children’s day

劳动节:                   labor day

母亲节:                   mother’s day

端午节:                   dragon-boat festival

七夕:              seventh evening; seventh moon

中元节:                   ghost-festival

父亲节:                  father’s day

重阳节:                   double ninth festival

国父诞辰:              DR. SUN yet-sen’s birthday

行宪日:                   constitution day

复活节:                   Easter

独立日:                   independence day

情人节:                   valentine’s day

美国万圣节前夕:Halloween

感恩节:                   thanksgiving day

圣诞节:                   Christmas

法国国庆节:         Bastille day

 

 

—— End———

 

 

 

 

 

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